Flag of the Vatican City

Holy See (Vatican)

Vatican City, officially the Vatican City State, is a landlocked independent country, city-state, microstate, and enclave within Rome, Italy. It became independent from Italy in 1929 with the Lateran Treaty, and it is a distinct territory under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See.
See also: Italy


Our standard dataset contains 100 entities connected with the Vatican City. This may include sanctioned entities, politically-exposed persons (PEPs), and their close associates, or entities involved in criminal activity.

Data sources

We are currently not including any data published by authorities or organizations based in the Vatican City. See our global list of data sources and our criteria for selecting datasets.

Politically-exposed persons (PEPs)

Our database contains 69 entities identified as PEPs connected with the Vatican City.

National government positions

Number of known occupants
Head of state or governmentCurrentEndedStatus unclear
President of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City1--
National executive branchesCurrentEndedStatus unclear
Secretary for Relations with States of the Holy See121
Secretary of State1--
National legislative branchCurrentEndedStatus unclear
Member of the Pontifical Commission-51
Diplomatic rolesCurrentEndedStatus unclear
ambassador of France to the Holy See-51
ambassador of Israel to the Holy See-1-
ambassador to the Holy See--1
United States Ambassador to the Holy See-34

Subnational government positions

No positions for this category

Other positions

Number of known occupants
PositionCurrentEndedStatus unclear
apostolic delegate-64
Substitute for General Affairs--7
apostolic Nuncio to Haïti-24
apostolic nuncio to Belgium-23
apostolic nuncio to United Kingdom-22
Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations-31
Apostolic Nuncio to the European Union--3
Cardinal Secretary of State-21
Chamberlain of the Apostolic Chamber-21
Commander of the Pontifical Swiss Guard-21
Dean of the College of Cardinals-21
Delegate for Pontifical Representations-11
President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See-11
Apostolic Nuncio to the US1--
Permanent Observer to the UN, New York1--
Supreme Pontiff, Roman Catholic Church1--

What do these numbers mean?

We keep track both if political positions and the individuals who occupy those positions over time. Of course, a person can hold a position for multiple terms, and multiple people can occupy the same position at the same time (e.g. members of parliament).

If a person previously held a position, and currently holds the same position, they are only counted once and recorded under Current. If it is unclear from the source whether they have left the position, they will be counted under Unclear.

How can status be unclear?

Some of the data sources we rely on indicate both past and present holders of political offices. In those cases, a lack of a precise end date for a person's occupancy of a position can mean that we don't know whether they currently hold the position or not. Read more...