CIA World Factbook heads of state and government

An index of most national-level heads of state and heads of government in world governments that is publicly maintained by the CIA.

This dataset makes the "chief of state", as labeled here, and head of government, available for all countries in the World Factbook which have such roles.

Where a monarch has a local representative of e.g. an ex-colony, both the monarch and any local representatives are generally included.

The World Factbook source pages contain much more narrative about each country. From the website:

The World Factbook provides basic intelligence on the history, people, government, economy, energy, geography, environment, communications, transportation, military, terrorism, and transnational issues for 266 world entities.

Data overview

Entity types:
236 countries · Show overview...
Publisher:Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (United States)
Collections:in Politically Exposed Persons (PEPs) · OpenSanctions Default
Source data:www.cia.gov · JSON
Last changed:
Last checked: · updated daily

Bulk download

Downloads contain the full set of entities contained in this dataset. You can fetch a simplified tabular form, or detailed, structured data in JSON format. Updated files will be provided once a day at the same location.

File nameExport typeSize
entities.ftm.jsonFollowTheMoney entities816.43 KB
names.txtTarget names text file12.92 KB
senzing.jsonSenzing entity format260.67 KB
statistics.jsonDataset statistics21.06 KB
targets.nested.jsonTargets as nested JSON828.46 KB
targets.simple.csvTargets as simplified CSV127.98 KB

Help: Using the data · format reference · identifier use · commercial licensing

Using the API

You can query the data in this dataset via the application programming interface (API) endpoints below. Please read the introduction for documentation and terms of service.

Use the Reconciliation API in OpenRefine:
For full-text search, use the /search endpoint:
For entity matching, use the /match endpoint:

Recent additions

The following targeted entities have been added to this data source most recently:

Jane OWENPersonCayman Islands
Juliana O'CONNOR-CONNOLLYPersonCayman Islands
Joachim KYLEM DE TAMBELAPersonBurkina Faso
Luc FRIEDENPersonLuxembourg
Xavier BETTELPersonLuxembourg
Lívia VASAKOVAPersonSlovakia
Robert FICOPersonSlovakia
KHALID bin Muhammad Al-NuhayyanPersonUnited Arab Emirates
Munipoese MULI'AKA'AKAPersonWallis & Futuna
Bajram BEGAJPersonAlbania
Sr. Gen. MIN AUNG HLAINGPersonMyanmar (Burma)
Fernando VERGEZ ALZAGAPersonVatican City
XI JinpingPersonHong Kong SAR China
Khalid al-FADILPersonKuwait
Sheikh TALAL al-Khalid Al-Ahmad Al-SabahPersonKuwait