Data dictionary JSON

In this reference you'll find detailed explanations of the data model used by OpenSanctions, including the used entity types and their respective properties.

Entities and targets

OpenSanctions collects data about real-world entities, such as people, companies, sanctions and addresses, but also the relationships between them. In order to process that data, it is internally converted into an object graph that is defined below. Different exporters then might simplify the data for end-users.

Each data source produces a set of targets, the main entities described by the publisher (e.g. sanctioned companies, politicians or criminal actors), and any number of non-target adjacent entities. Non-target entities might include a polictical party that a politician is a member of, or an address they are linked to.

The data model used by OpenSanctions is FollowTheMoney, an ontology used in anti-corruption data analysis - in particular by the Aleph data platform. Only a subset of the entity types defined in FtM are used by OpenSanctions.

Schema types

All entities in OpenSanctions must conform to a schema, a definition that states what properties they are allowed to have. Some properties also allow entities to reference other entities, turning the entities into a graph. Read more about the entity graph...

The following schema types are currently referenced in OpenSanctions:

Schema definitions in detail

Address - Addresses

A location associated with an entity.

ExtendsThing
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Address:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
Address:fulladdressFull address
Address:remarksstringRemarksHandling instructions, like 'care of'.
Address:postOfficeBoxstringPO BoxA mailbox indentifier at the post office
Address:streetstringStreet address
Address:street2stringStreet address (ctd.)
Address:citystringCityCity, town, village or other locality
Address:postalCodestringPostal codeZip code or postcode.
Address:regionstringRegionAlso province or area.
Address:statestringStateState or federal unit.
Address:latitudenumberLatitude
Address:longitudenumberLongitude
Address:thingsThingLocated there

Airplane - Airplanes

An airplane, helicopter or other flying vehicle.

ExtendsVehicle · Asset · Thing · Value
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:currencystringCurrency
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwners
Vehicle:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration number
Vehicle:typestringType
Vehicle:modelstringModel
Vehicle:ownerLegalEntityOwnersee LegalEntity:ownedVehicles (inverse)
Vehicle:operatorLegalEntityOperatorsee LegalEntity:operatedVehicles (inverse)
Vehicle:buildDatedateBuild Date
Vehicle:registrationDatedateRegistration Date
Airplane:serialNumberidentifierSerial Number
Airplane:icaoCodestringICAO aircraft type designator
Airplane:manufacturerstringManufacturer

Associate - Associates

Non-family association between two people

ExtendsInterval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Associate:personPersonPersonsee Person:associates (inverse)The subject of the association.
Associate:associatePersonAssociatesee Person:associations (inverse)An associate of the subject person.
Associate:relationshipstringRelationshipNature of the association

Company - Companies

A corporation, usually for profit. Does not distinguish between private and public companies, and can also be used to model more specific constructs like trusts and funds. Companies are assets, so they can be owned by other legal entities.

ExtendsAsset · Thing · Value · Organization · LegalEntity
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:currencystringCurrency
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwners
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
Company:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration number
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
Company:jurisdictioncountryJurisdiction
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
LegalEntity:ogrnCodeidentifierOGRNMajor State Registration Number
LegalEntity:leiCodeidentifierLEILegal Entity Identifier
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companysee LegalEntity:subsidiaries (inverse)If this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles owned
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operated
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency wallets
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securities
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiaries
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentifications
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and shares
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClients
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgents
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorships
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMemberships
Organization:employeesEmploymentEmployees
Organization:directorshipOrganizationDirectorshipDirectors
Organization:membershipOrganizationMembershipMembers
Company:capitalstringCapital
Company:voenCodeidentifierVOENAzerbaijan taxpayer ID
Company:coatoCodeidentifierCOATO / SOATO / OKATO
Company:irsCodeidentifierIRS NumberUS tax ID
Company:ipoCodeidentifierIPO
Company:cikCodeidentifierSEC Central Index KeyUS SEC Central Index Key
Company:jibCodeidentifierJIBYugoslavia company ID
Company:mbsCodeidentifierMBS
Company:ibcRucidentifieribcRUC
Company:caemCodestringCOD CAEM(RO) What kind of activity a legal entity is allowed to develop
Company:kppCodeidentifierKPP(RU, КПП) in addition to INN for orgs; reason for registration at FNS
Company:okvedCodestringOKVED(2) Classifier(RU, ОКВЭД) Economical activity classifier. OKVED2 is the same but newer
Company:okopfCodestringOKOPF(RU, ОКОПФ) What kind of business entity
Company:fnsCodeidentifierFederal tax service code(RU, ФНС) Federal Tax Service related info
Company:fssCodestringFSS(RU, ФСС) Social Security
Company:bikCodestringBIKRussian bank account code
Company:pfrNumberidentifierPFR Number(RU, ПФР) Pension Fund Registration number. AAA-BBB-CCCCCC, where AAA is organisation region, BBB is district, CCCCCC number at a specific branch
Company:oksmCodestringOKSMRussian (ОКСМ) countries classifer

CryptoWallet - Cryptocurrency wallets

A cryptocurrency wallet is a view on the transactions conducted by one participant on a blockchain / distributed ledger system.

ExtendsThing · Value
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:currencystringCurrency
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
CryptoWallet:publicKeyidentifierAddressPublic key used to identify the wallet
CryptoWallet:privateKeystringPrivate key
CryptoWallet:creationDatedateCreation date
CryptoWallet:currencySymbolstringCurrency short code
CryptoWallet:mangingExchangestringManaging exchange
CryptoWallet:holderLegalEntityWallet holdersee LegalEntity:cryptoWallets (inverse)
CryptoWallet:balancenumberBalance
CryptoWallet:balanceDatedateBalance date

Directorship - Directorships

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
Directorship:directorLegalEntityDirectorsee LegalEntity:directorshipDirector (inverse)
Directorship:organizationOrganizationOrganizationsee Organization:directorshipOrganization (inverse)
Directorship:secretarystringSecretary

Employment - Employments

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
Employment:employerOrganizationEmployersee Organization:employees (inverse)
Employment:employeePersonEmployeesee Person:employers (inverse)

Family - Family members

Family relationship between two people

ExtendsInterval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Family:personPersonPersonsee Person:familyPerson (inverse)The subject of the familial relation.
Family:relativePersonRelativesee Person:familyRelative (inverse)The relative of the subject person.
Family:relationshipstringRelationshipNature of the relationship, from the person's perspective eg. 'mother', where 'relative' is mother of 'person'.

Identification - Identifications

An form of identification associated with its holder and some issuing country. This can be used for national ID cards, voter enrollments and similar instruments.

ExtendsInterval
Sub-typesPassport
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Identification:holderLegalEntityIdentification holdersee LegalEntity:identificiation (inverse)
Identification:typestringType
Identification:countrycountryCountry
Identification:numberidentifierPassport number
Identification:authoritystringAuthority

LegalEntity - Legal entities

Any party to legal proceedings, such as asset ownership, corporate governance or social interactions. Often used when raw data does not specify if something is a person or company.

ExtendsThing
Sub-typesCompany · Person · Organization · PublicBody
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
LegalEntity:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration numberCompany registration number
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
LegalEntity:jurisdictioncountryJurisdictionCountry or region in which this entity operates
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
LegalEntity:ogrnCodeidentifierOGRNMajor State Registration Number
LegalEntity:leiCodeidentifierLEILegal Entity Identifier
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companysee LegalEntity:subsidiaries (inverse)If this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles owned
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operated
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency wallets
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securities
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiaries
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentifications
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and shares
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClients
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgents
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorships
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMemberships

Membership - Memberships

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
Membership:memberLegalEntityMembersee LegalEntity:membershipMember (inverse)
Membership:organizationOrganizationOrganizationsee Organization:membershipOrganization (inverse)

Organization - Organizations

Any type of incorporated entity that cannot be owned by another (see Company). This might include charities, foundations or state-owned enterprises, depending on their juristiction.

ExtendsLegalEntity · Thing
Sub-typesCompany · PublicBody
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
LegalEntity:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration numberCompany registration number
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
LegalEntity:jurisdictioncountryJurisdictionCountry or region in which this entity operates
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
LegalEntity:ogrnCodeidentifierOGRNMajor State Registration Number
LegalEntity:leiCodeidentifierLEILegal Entity Identifier
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companysee LegalEntity:subsidiaries (inverse)If this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles owned
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operated
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency wallets
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securities
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiaries
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentifications
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and shares
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClients
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgents
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorships
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMemberships
Organization:employeesEmploymentEmployees
Organization:directorshipOrganizationDirectorshipDirectors
Organization:membershipOrganizationMembershipMembers

Ownership - Ownerships

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
Ownership:ownerLegalEntityOwnersee LegalEntity:ownershipOwner (inverse)
Ownership:assetAssetAssetsee Asset:ownershipAsset (inverse)
Ownership:percentagestringPercentage held
Ownership:sharesCountstringNumber of shares
Ownership:sharesValuestringValue of shares
Ownership:sharesCurrencystringCurrency of shares
Ownership:sharesTypestringType of shares
Ownership:legalBasisstringLegal basis
Ownership:ownershipTypestringType of ownership

Passport - Passports

An passport held by a person.

ExtendsIdentification · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Identification:holderLegalEntityIdentification holdersee LegalEntity:identificiation (inverse)
Identification:typestringType
Identification:countrycountryCountry
Identification:numberidentifierPassport number
Identification:authoritystringAuthority
Passport:passportNumberidentifierPassport number
Passport:surnamestringSurname
Passport:givenNamestringGiven name
Passport:birthDatedateBirth date
Passport:birthPlacestringPlace of birth
Passport:genderstringGender
Passport:personalNumberidentifierPersonal number

Person - People

A natural person, as opposed to a corporation of some type.

ExtendsLegalEntity · Thing
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
LegalEntity:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration numberCompany registration number
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
LegalEntity:jurisdictioncountryJurisdictionCountry or region in which this entity operates
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
LegalEntity:ogrnCodeidentifierOGRNMajor State Registration Number
LegalEntity:leiCodeidentifierLEILegal Entity Identifier
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companysee LegalEntity:subsidiaries (inverse)If this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles owned
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operated
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency wallets
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securities
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiaries
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentifications
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and shares
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClients
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgents
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorships
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMemberships
Person:titlestringTitle
Person:firstNamestringFirst name
Person:secondNamestringSecond name
Person:middleNamestringMiddle name
Person:fatherNamestringPatronymic
Person:motherNamestringMatronymic
Person:lastNamestringLast name
Person:birthDatedateBirth date
Person:birthPlacestringPlace of birth
Person:deathDatedateDeath date
Person:positionstringPosition
Person:nationalitycountryNationality
Person:passportNumberidentifierPassport number
Person:gendergenderGender
Person:ethnicitystringEthnicity
Person:religionstringReligion
Person:politicalstringPolitical association
Person:educationstringEducation
Person:familyPersonFamilyFamily members
Person:familyRelativeFamilyRelatives
Person:employersEmploymentEmployers
Person:associatesAssociateAssociates
Person:associationsAssociateAssociations

PublicBody - Public bodies

A public body, such as a ministry, department or state company.

ExtendsOrganization · LegalEntity · Thing
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
LegalEntity:emailemailE-MailEmail address
LegalEntity:phonephonePhonePhone number
LegalEntity:websiteurlWebsiteWebsite address
LegalEntity:legalFormstringLegal form
LegalEntity:incorporationDatedateIncorporation dateThe date the legal entity was incorporated
LegalEntity:dissolutionDatedateDissolution dateThe date the legal entity was dissolved, if applicable
LegalEntity:taxStatusstringTax status
LegalEntity:statusstringStatus
LegalEntity:sectorstringSector
LegalEntity:classificationstringClassification
LegalEntity:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration numberCompany registration number
LegalEntity:idNumberidentifierID NumberID number of any applicable ID
LegalEntity:taxNumberidentifierTax NumberTax identification number
LegalEntity:vatCodeidentifierV.A.T. Identifier(EU) VAT number
LegalEntity:jurisdictioncountryJurisdictionCountry or region in which this entity operates
LegalEntity:mainCountrycountryCountry of originPrimary country of this entity
LegalEntity:opencorporatesUrlurlOpenCorporates URL
LegalEntity:bvdIdidentifierBureau van Dijk ID
LegalEntity:icijIdstringICIJ IDID according to International Consortium for Investigative Journalists
LegalEntity:okpoCodeidentifierOKPORussian industry classifier
LegalEntity:innCodeidentifierINNRussian company ID
LegalEntity:ogrnCodeidentifierOGRNMajor State Registration Number
LegalEntity:leiCodeidentifierLEILegal Entity Identifier
LegalEntity:dunsCodeidentifierD-U-N-SDun & Bradstreet identifier
LegalEntity:swiftBicidentifierSWIFT/BICBank identifier code
LegalEntity:parentLegalEntityParent companysee LegalEntity:subsidiaries (inverse)If this entity is a subsidiary, another entity (company or organisation) is its parent
LegalEntity:ownedVehiclesVehicleVehicles owned
LegalEntity:operatedVehiclesVehicleVehicles operated
LegalEntity:cryptoWalletsCryptoWalletCryptocurrency wallets
LegalEntity:securitiesSecurityIssued securities
LegalEntity:subsidiariesLegalEntitySubsidiaries
LegalEntity:identificiationIdentificationIdentifications
LegalEntity:ownershipOwnerOwnershipAssets and shares
LegalEntity:agencyClientRepresentationClients
LegalEntity:agentRepresentationRepresentationAgents
LegalEntity:directorshipDirectorDirectorshipDirectorships
LegalEntity:membershipMemberMembershipMemberships
Organization:employeesEmploymentEmployees
Organization:directorshipOrganizationDirectorshipDirectors
Organization:membershipOrganizationMembershipMembers

Representation - Representations

A mediatory, intermediary, middleman, or broker acting on behalf of a legal entity.

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
Representation:agentLegalEntityAgentsee LegalEntity:agencyClient (inverse)
Representation:clientLegalEntityClientsee LegalEntity:agentRepresentation (inverse)

Sanction - Sanctions

A sanction designation

ExtendsInterval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Sanction:entityThingEntitysee Thing:sanctions (inverse)
Sanction:authoritystringAuthority
Sanction:authorityIdidentifierAuthority-issued identifier
Sanction:unscIdidentifierUN SC identifier
Sanction:programstringProgram
Sanction:provisionsstringScope of sanctions
Sanction:statusstringStatus
Sanction:durationstringDuration
Sanction:reasontextReason
Sanction:countrycountryCountry
Sanction:listingDatedateListing date

Security - Securities

A tradeable financial asset.

ExtendsAsset · Thing · Value
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:currencystringCurrency
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwners
Security:isinidentifierISINInternational Securities Identification Number
Security:tickeridentifierTicker
Security:issuerLegalEntityIssuersee LegalEntity:securities (inverse)
Security:issueDatedateDate issued
Security:typestringType
Security:classificationstringClassification
Security:collateralstringCollateral

UnknownLink - Other links

ExtendsInterest · Interval
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus
UnknownLink:subjectThingSubjectsee Thing:unknownLinkTo (inverse)
UnknownLink:objectThingObjectsee Thing:unknownLinkFrom (inverse)

Vessel - Vessels

A boat or ship. Typically flying some sort of national flag.

ExtendsVehicle · Asset · Thing · Value
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:currencystringCurrency
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwners
Vehicle:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration number
Vehicle:typestringType
Vehicle:modelstringModel
Vehicle:ownerLegalEntityOwnersee LegalEntity:ownedVehicles (inverse)
Vehicle:operatorLegalEntityOperatorsee LegalEntity:operatedVehicles (inverse)
Vehicle:buildDatedateBuild Date
Vehicle:registrationDatedateRegistration Date
Vessel:imoNumberidentifierIMO Number
Vessel:crsNumberidentifierCRS Number
Vessel:flagcountryFlag
Vessel:registrationPortstringPort of Registration
Vessel:navigationAreastringNavigation Area
Vessel:tonnagestringTonnage
Vessel:grossRegisteredTonnagenumberGross Registered Tonnage
Vessel:nameChangeDatedateDate of Name Change
Vessel:callSignidentifierCall Sign
Vessel:pastFlagsstringPast Flags
Vessel:pastTypesstringPast Types
Vessel:mmsiidentifierMMSI

Thing - Thing

Extends
Sub-typesVessel · CryptoWallet · Vehicle · Security · Company · Asset · LegalEntity · Person · Address · Organization · Airplane · PublicBody
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions

Vehicle - Vehicles

ExtendsAsset · Thing · Value
Sub-typesVessel · Airplane
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:currencystringCurrency
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwners
Vehicle:registrationNumberidentifierRegistration number
Vehicle:typestringType
Vehicle:modelstringModel
Vehicle:ownerLegalEntityOwnersee LegalEntity:ownedVehicles (inverse)
Vehicle:operatorLegalEntityOperatorsee LegalEntity:operatedVehicles (inverse)
Vehicle:buildDatedateBuild Date
Vehicle:registrationDatedateRegistration Date

Asset - Assets

A piece of property which can be owned and assigned a monetary value.

ExtendsThing · Value
Sub-typesVessel · Vehicle · Security · Company · Airplane
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Thing:namenameName
Thing:summarytextSummary
Thing:descriptiontextDescription
Thing:countrycountryCountry
Thing:aliasnameOther name
Thing:previousNamenamePrevious name
Thing:weakAliasstringWeak alias
Thing:sourceUrlurlSource link
Thing:publisherstringPublishing source
Thing:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Thing:wikipediaUrlurlWikipedia Article
Thing:wikidataIdidentifierWikidata ID
Thing:keywordsstringKeywords
Thing:topicstopicTopics
Thing:addressaddressAddress
Thing:addressEntityAddressAddresssee Address:things (inverse)
Thing:programstringProgram
Thing:notestextNotes
Thing:createdAtdateCreated at
Thing:modifiedAtdateModified on
Thing:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Thing:unknownLinkToUnknownLinkLinked to
Thing:unknownLinkFromUnknownLinkLinked from
Thing:sanctionsSanctionSanctions
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:currencystringCurrency
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR
Asset:ownershipAssetOwnershipOwners

Value - Values

Extends
Sub-typesVessel · CryptoWallet · Vehicle · Security · Company · Asset · Airplane
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Value:amountnumberAmount
Value:currencystringCurrency
Value:amountUsdnumberAmount in USD
Value:amountEurnumberAmount in EUR

Interval - Interval

An object which is bounded in time.

Extends
Sub-typesInterest · UnknownLink · Identification · Family · Employment · Sanction · Associate · Passport · Ownership · Representation · Directorship · Membership
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on

Interest - Interest

ExtendsInterval
Sub-typesUnknownLink · Employment · Ownership · Representation · Directorship · Membership
PropertyTypeTitleDescription
Interval:startDatedateStart date
Interval:endDatedateEnd date
Interval:datedateDate
Interval:summarytextSummary
Interval:descriptiontextDescription
Interval:recordIdstringRecord ID
Interval:sourceUrlurlSource link
Interval:publisherstringPublishing source
Interval:publisherUrlurlPublishing source URL
Interval:modifiedAtdateModified on
Interval:retrievedAtdateRetrieved on
Interest:rolestringRole
Interest:statusstringStatus

Type definitions

Schema properties have specific types which define the range of valid values they can hold. Below are the enumerated values for some of the types. Other types perform algorithmic validation, e.g. for phone numbers, URLs or email addresses.

Entities

Entity references are used by one entity to reference another and thus create a link between the two. Take note of the guidance on entity identifiers to understand how entity IDs change as incoming records are deduplicated.

Topics

Topics are used to tag other entities - mainly organizations and people - with semantic roles, e.g. to designate an individual as a politician, terrorist or to hint that a certain company is a bank.

CodeLabel
crimeCrime
crime.fraudFraud
crime.cyberCybercrime
crime.finFinancial crime
crime.theftTheft
crime.warWar crimes
crime.bossCriminal leadership
crime.terrorTerrorism
crime.traffickTrafficking
crime.traffick.drugDrug trafficking
crime.traffick.humanHuman trafficking
corp.offshoreOffshore
corp.shellShell company
govGovernment
gov.nationalNational government
gov.stateState government
gov.muniMunicipal government
gov.soeState-owned enterprise
gov.igoIntergovernmental organization
finFinancial services
fin.bankBank
fin.fundFund
fin.adivsorFinancial advisor
role.pepPolitician
role.rcaClose Associate
role.judgeJudge
role.civilCivil servant
role.diploDiplomat
role.lawyerLawyer
role.acctAccountant
role.spySpy
role.oligarchOligarch
role.journoJournalist
role.actActivist
pol.partyPolitical party
pol.unionUnion
relReligion
milMilitary
asset.frozenFrozen asset
sanctionSanctioned entity
debarmentDebarred entity
poiPerson of interest

Dates

Dates are given in a basic ISO 8601 date or date-time format,YYYY-MM-DD or YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS. In source data, we find varying degrees of precision: some events may be defined as a full timestamp (2021-08-25T09:26:11), while for many we only know a year (2021) or month (2021-08). Such date prefixes are carried through and used to specify date precision as well as the actual value.

Countries

We use a descriptive approach to modelling the countries in our database. If a list refers to a country, so do we. We use ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 as a starting point, but have also included countries that have ceased to exist (e.g. Soviet Union, Yugoslavia) and territories whose status as a country is controversial (e.g. Kosovo, Artsakh). If the presence of a country in this list is offensive to you, we invite you to reflect on the mental health impact of being angry at tables on the internet.

CodeLabel
zzGlobal
euEuropean Union
zrZaire
czCzech Republic
xkKosovo
ddEast Germany
yucsYugoslavia
csxxSerbia and Montenegro
cshhCzechoslovakia
suhhSoviet Union
ge-abAbkhazia (Occupied Georgia)
x-soSouth Ossetia (Occupied Georgia)
ua-lprLuhansk (Occupied Ukraine)
ua-dprDonetsk (Occupied Ukraine)
ua-criCrimea (Occupied Ukraine)
so-somSomaliland
cy-trncNorthern Cyprus
az-nkNagorno-Karabakh
cn-xzTibet
gg-srkSark
gb-wlsWales
gb-sctScotland
gb-nirNorthern Ireland
md-pmrTransnistria (PMR)
acAscension Island
adAndorra
aeUnited Arab Emirates
afAfghanistan
agAntigua & Barbuda
aiAnguilla
alAlbania
amArmenia
aoAngola
aqAntarctica
arArgentina
asAmerican Samoa
atAustria
auAustralia
awAruba
axÅland Islands
azAzerbaijan
baBosnia & Herzegovina
bbBarbados
bdBangladesh
beBelgium
bfBurkina Faso
bgBulgaria
bhBahrain
biBurundi
bjBenin
blSt. Barthélemy
bmBermuda
bnBrunei
boBolivia
bqCaribbean Netherlands
brBrazil
bsBahamas
btBhutan
bvBouvet Island
bwBotswana
byBelarus
bzBelize
caCanada
ccCocos (Keeling) Islands
cdCongo - Kinshasa
cfCentral African Republic
cgCongo - Brazzaville
chSwitzerland
ciCôte d’Ivoire
ckCook Islands
clChile
cmCameroon
cnChina
coColombia
cpClipperton Island
crCosta Rica
cuCuba
cvCape Verde
cwCuraçao
cxChristmas Island
cyCyprus
deGermany
dgDiego Garcia
djDjibouti
dkDenmark
dmDominica
doDominican Republic
dzAlgeria
eaCeuta & Melilla
ecEcuador
eeEstonia
egEgypt
ehWestern Sahara
erEritrea
esSpain
etEthiopia
ezEurozone
fiFinland
fjFiji
fkFalkland Islands
fmMicronesia
foFaroe Islands
frFrance
gaGabon
gbUnited Kingdom
gdGrenada
geGeorgia
gfFrench Guiana
ggGuernsey
ghGhana
giGibraltar
glGreenland
gmGambia
gnGuinea
gpGuadeloupe
gqEquatorial Guinea
grGreece
gsSouth Georgia & South Sandwich Islands
gtGuatemala
guGuam
gwGuinea-Bissau
gyGuyana
hkHong Kong SAR China
hmHeard & McDonald Islands
hnHonduras
hrCroatia
htHaiti
huHungary
icCanary Islands
idIndonesia
ieIreland
ilIsrael
imIsle of Man
inIndia
ioBritish Indian Ocean Territory
iqIraq
irIran
isIceland
itItaly
jeJersey
jmJamaica
joJordan
jpJapan
keKenya
kgKyrgyzstan
khCambodia
kiKiribati
kmComoros
knSt. Kitts & Nevis
kpNorth Korea
krSouth Korea
kwKuwait
kyCayman Islands
kzKazakhstan
laLaos
lbLebanon
lcSt. Lucia
liLiechtenstein
lkSri Lanka
lrLiberia
lsLesotho
ltLithuania
luLuxembourg
lvLatvia
lyLibya
maMorocco
mcMonaco
mdMoldova
meMontenegro
mfSt. Martin
mgMadagascar
mhMarshall Islands
mkNorth Macedonia
mlMali
mmMyanmar (Burma)
mnMongolia
moMacao SAR China
mpNorthern Mariana Islands
mqMartinique
mrMauritania
msMontserrat
mtMalta
muMauritius
mvMaldives
mwMalawi
mxMexico
myMalaysia
mzMozambique
naNamibia
ncNew Caledonia
neNiger
nfNorfolk Island
ngNigeria
niNicaragua
nlNetherlands
noNorway
npNepal
nrNauru
nuNiue
nzNew Zealand
omOman
paPanama
pePeru
pfFrench Polynesia
pgPapua New Guinea
phPhilippines
pkPakistan
plPoland
pmSt. Pierre & Miquelon
pnPitcairn Islands
prPuerto Rico
psPalestinian Territories
ptPortugal
pwPalau
pyParaguay
qaQatar
qoOutlying Oceania
reRéunion
roRomania
rsSerbia
ruRussia
rwRwanda
saSaudi Arabia
sbSolomon Islands
scSeychelles
sdSudan
seSweden
sgSingapore
shSt. Helena
siSlovenia
sjSvalbard & Jan Mayen
skSlovakia
slSierra Leone
smSan Marino
snSenegal
soSomalia
srSuriname
ssSouth Sudan
stSão Tomé & Príncipe
svEl Salvador
sxSint Maarten
sySyria
szEswatini
taTristan da Cunha
tcTurks & Caicos Islands
tdChad
tfFrench Southern Territories
tgTogo
thThailand
tjTajikistan
tkTokelau
tlTimor-Leste
tmTurkmenistan
tnTunisia
toTonga
trTurkey
ttTrinidad & Tobago
tvTuvalu
twTaiwan
tzTanzania
uaUkraine
ugUganda
umU.S. Outlying Islands
unUnited Nations
usUnited States
uyUruguay
uzUzbekistan
vaVatican City
vcSt. Vincent & Grenadines
veVenezuela
vgBritish Virgin Islands
viU.S. Virgin Islands
vnVietnam
vuVanuatu
wfWallis & Futuna
wsSamoa
xaPseudo-Accents
xbPseudo-Bidi
yeYemen
ytMayotte
zaSouth Africa
zmZambia
zwZimbabwe