Colonel, Deputy Director of the Institute of Forensics of the FSB · Federal State Budgetary Institution ‘33 Central Scientific Research Testing Institute’ of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation (employee) · Investigations subjects · Scientifique militaire et le directeur adjoint de l’Institut de criminalistique du Service fédéral de sécurité russe (FSB) · a military scientist and Deputy Director of the Criminalistics Institute of the Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) · 3 more...
Stanislav Makshakov est un scientifique militaire et le directeur adjoint de l’Institut de criminalistique du Service fédéral de sécurité russe (FSB), qui a mené des opérations visant à suivre de près les activités d’Alexeï Navalny pendant une longue période. En sa qualité de directeur adjoint de l’Institut de criminalistique, Stanislav Makshakov était le commandant de l’équipe d’agents ayant participé aux préparatifs et à l’exécution de l’empoisonnement d’Alexeï Navalny au moyen d’un agent neurotoxique de type Novitchok à Tomsk le 20 août 2020, empoisonnement qui constitue une utilisation d’armes chimiques au sens de la convention sur les armes chimiques. Par conséquent, Stanislav Makshakov était impliqué dans les préparatifs en vue d’utiliser des armes chimiques, il est responsable de l’utilisation des armes chimiques et il a apporté un soutien technique et matériel à l’emploi d’armes chimiques.
Stanislav Makshakov is a deputy director in the FSB's Criminalistics Institute - Military Unit 34435. There are reasonable grounds to suspect that the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation was involved in the attempted assassination of Alexey Navalny using a toxic nerve agent. Evidence including phone records suggest that Stanislav Makshakov was the commander of the team of operatives involved in the use of chemical weapon in the attempted assassination of Alexey Navalny. As Deputy Director he is responsible for and/or engaged in, provided support for or promoted the activities conducted by this unit in the FSB. Alternatively, he is associated with those who did. This designation is part of a package of designations targeting the FSB team involved.
Russian opposition leader Alexey Navalny was the victim of an attempted assassination during his August 2020 visit to Siberia, in which a chemical weapon - a toxic nerve agent of the Novichok group - was used. The activities and movements of Alexey Navalny during his journey to Siberia, from where he intended to return to Moscow on 20th August 2020, were closely monitored by the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation.
Russia had the technical capability to carry out the attack. The Russian State has previously produced Novichoks and would still be capable of doing so. Within the last decade, Russia has produced and stockpiled small quantities of Novichok. It is unlikely that Novichoks could be made and deployed by non-state actors (e.g. a criminal or terrorist group).
Russia had the operational experience to carry out the attack. Russia has a proven record of state-sponsored assassination. It is highly likely that the Russian state was responsible for the attempted assassination of Sergei Skripal in Salisbury in 2018 using a similar type of nerve agent. During the 2000s, Russia commenced a programme to test means of delivering chemical warfare agents, including investigation of ways of delivering nerve agents.
Russia had the motive and opportunity to carry out the attack. Navalny is a high profile Russian opposition politician who vocally criticised the Russian administration and establishment. He was on Russian territory under surveillance by the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation at the time of the attack.