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Terrorism · Debarred entity · Sanctioned entity
Al-Shabaab is subject to sanctions. See the individual program listings below.
NameAL-SHABAAB · Al Shabaab · Al-Shabaab · Al-Shabaab Al-Islaam · Al-Shabaab Al-Islamiya · 26 more...[sources]
Weak aliasAl Hijra · MYC · MYM · Muslim Youth Center · THE UNITY OF ISLAMIC YOUTH · 3 more...[sources]
Legal formnot available[sources]
Registration numberE9NMRJMF7QM5[sources]
Statusnot available[sources]
Source · ·[sources]
Created at[sources]
Modified on[sources]
Last changedLast checkedFirst seen


Al Shabaab, or “the youth”, was formed out of the militant wing of the former Somali Council of Islamic Courts. Its primary objective is the establishment of an Islamist state in the Horn of Africa based on Sharia law and the elimination of secular and foreign influence, including through violent means.

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List,

Also listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 21 August 2009 under section 15(1) of the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945 (CotUNA), pursuant to Australia's obligations under UNSC resolution 1373 (2001), see Consolidated List entry 1131.

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List,

Location: Somalia.

Belgian Financial Sanctions,

Al Shabaab is an organized but shifting Islamist group dedicated to establishing a Somali caliphate, waging war against the enemies of Islam, and removing all foreign forces and Western influence from Somalia. Although primarily active within Somalia, Al Shabaab has carried out mass-casualty attacks against civilians and military forces in countries that are considered hostile by the group, including Kenya and Ethiopia over the past two decades. It is the strongest, best organized, financed, and armed military group in Somalia, controlling the largest stretch of territory in southern Somalia. Al Shabaab has carried out suicide bombings and attacks using land mines and remote-controlled roadside bombs, as well as targeted assassinations against Ethiopian and Somali security forces, other government officials, journalists, and civil society leaders. It has also carried out suicide bombings in Uganda in retaliation for the presence of Ugandan peacekeeping forces in Somalia. In October 2017, Al Shabaab detonated two vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices in Mogadishu, killing 512 people and injuring 312 others. In December 2019, Al Shabaab claimed responsibility for a bombing at a busy intersection on the outskirts of Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least 78 people and injuring at least 51. In October 2022, Al Shabaab claimed responsibility for detonating two Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Devices minutes apart near a busy Mogadishu intersection where the Ministry of Education building was located. The attack levelled buildings and burnt dozens of cars, killing at least 100 people were killed, and wounding an additional 300. The group is believed to be closely linked with Al Qaida and formally pledged allegiance to Usama bin Laden and his terrorist network.

Canadian Listed Terrorist Entities,

According to the Statement by the Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia to the Security Council delivered on 29 Jul 2009, both Al-Shabaab and Hisb’ul Islam publicly and repeatedly claimed responsibility for the attacks by their forces on the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and AMISOM. Al-Shabaab had also claimed responsibility for the killing of TFG officials, and on 19 Jul 2009 had raided and shut down the field offices of UNOPS, UNDSS and UNDP in the Bay and Bakool regions, in violation of paragraph 8 (c) of resolution 1844 (2008). Al-Shabaab has also repeatedly obstructed access to, or distribution of humanitarian assistance in Somalia.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

According to an article published by Voice of America on 10 Jul 2009, Al-Shabaab was involved in an attack on Somali government forces in May 2009. According to an article posted on the website of the Council on Foreign Relations authored on 27 Feb 2009, Al-Shabaab has waged an insurgency against Somalia’s transitional government and its Ethiopian supporters since 2006. Al-Shabaab killed eleven Burundian soldiers in the deadliest attack on AU peacekeepers since their deployment and states that Al-Shabaab engaged in heavy fighting that killed at least fifteen people in Mogadishu.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

Al-Shabaab has also obstructed the delivery of humanitarian assistance to Somalia, or access to, or distribution of humanitarian assistance in Somalia.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

The United Nations Security Council’s Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Somalia, dated 20 Jul 2009, contained the following paragraphs involving the activities of al-Shabaab in Somalia: Insurgent groups, such as Al-Shabaab, are alleged to be extorting money from private companies and recruiting young people to join the fight against the Government in Mogadishu, including child soldiers. Al-Shabaab has confirmed the presence of foreign fighters within its ranks and has stated openly that it is working with Al-Qaeda in Mogadishu to remove the Government of Somalia. The foreign fighters, many of whom reportedly originate from Pakistan and Afghanistan, appear to be well trained and battle-tested. They have been observed wearing hoods and directing offensive operations against Government forces in Mogadishu and neighbouring regions. Al-Shabaab has intensified its strategy to coerce and intimidate the Somali population, as reflected in the carefully selected high gain assassinations and arrests of clan elders, several of whom have been murdered. On 19 Jun 2009, Omar Hashi Aden, the Minister of National Security, was killed in a large-scale suicide car bomb in Beletwyne. Over 30 other people were killed in the attack, which was strongly condemned by the international community and a broad cross-section of Somali society.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

According to reporting, Al-Shabaab raided United Nations compounds in Somalia on 20 Jul 2009, and issued a decree banning three agencies of the United Nations from the Al-Shabaab controlled areas of Somalia. Additionally, Somali Transitional Federal Government forces fought Al-Shabaab and Hizbul Islam insurgents from 11-12 Jul 2009 resulting in the deaths of over 60 people. In the fighting on 11 Jul 2009, Al-Shabaab landed four mortars inside Villa Somalia that resulted in the deaths of three African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) soldiers and injuries to eight others.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

According to an article published by the British Broadcasting Corporation on 22 Feb 2009, Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for a suicide car bomb attack on an African Union military base in Mogadishu. According to the article, the African Union confirmed that 11 African Union peacekeepers were killed and 15 others were hurt.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

According to the Dec 2008 report from the UN Security Council Somalia Monitoring Group (2008/769), Al-Shabaab is responsible for a variety of attacks within Somalia over the last several years, including: the reported killing and beheading of a Somali driver working for the World Food Programme in Sep 2008, the bombing of a market in Puntland that killed 20 and wounded over 100 on 6 Feb 2008, a campaign of bombings and targeted killings in Somaliland intended to disrupt the 2006 parliamentary elections and the murders of several foreign aid workers in 2003 and 2004.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

According to an article published by Reuters on 14 Jul 2009, Al-Shabaab militants made gains in 2009 in guerrilla-style attacks on Somali and African Union forces.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

Al-Shabaab has engaged in acts that directly or indirectly threaten the peace, security, or stability of Somalia, including but not limited to acts that threaten the Djibouti Agreement of Aug 18, 2008, or the political process and acts that threaten the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs), the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), or other international peacekeeping operations related to Somalia.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

Location: Somalia.

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF),

Les Chabab (Al-Shabaab) se livrent à des actes qui menacent directement ou indirectement la paix, la sécurité ou la stabilité de la Somalie, notamment mais sans s'y limiter : des actes qui mettent en péril l'accord de Djibouti du 18 août 2008 ou le processus politique - Des actes qui menacent les Institutions fédérales de transition, la Mission de l'Union africaine en Somalie (AMISOM) ou d'autres opérations internationales de maintien de la paix liées à la Somalie. Les Chabab font également obstacle à l'acheminement de l'aide humanitaire destinée à la Somalie, à l'accès à cette aide ou à sa distribution en Somalie

French Freezing of Assets,

INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link:

UK FCDO Sanctions List,


Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people,


US SAM Procurement Exclusions,


Data sources

UK HMT/OFSI Consolidated List of Targets6,018

The United Kingom's consolidated international sanctions list.

United Kingdom · Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation

Ukraine SFMS Blacklist871

Ukraine's financial intelligence unit publishes this list of sanctioned individuals.

Ukraine · Державна служба фінансового моніторингу України (Держфінмоніторинг)

UK FCDO Sanctions List4,486

UK sanctions collated by the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office

United Kingdom · Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO)

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes8,010

Switzerland manages a sanctions lists with a high degree of detail on the individuals that are subject to it's embargoes

Switzerland · State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)

Canadian Listed Terrorist Entities77

The Canadian governments own list of people and organizations associated with terrorism

Canada · Public Safety Canada

Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people3,572

Sanctions imposed by Japan under its Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law.

Japan · Ministry of Finance

US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)19,379

The Consolidated Screening List (CSL) is a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items.

United States · Department of the Commerce - International Trade Administration

US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List30,555

The primary United States' sanctions list, specially designated nationals (SDN) part.

United States · Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

New Zealand Designated Terrorist Entities22

Individuals and entities that have been designated terrorists by the New Zealand government.

New Zealand · New Zealand Police

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List4,094

The Consolidated List is a list of all persons and entities who are subject to targeted financial sanctions under Australian sanctions law

Australia · Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)

French Freezing of Assets4,932

The register lists all persons, entities and vessels subject to asset freezing measures in force on French territory, pursuant to national, European and international (UN) provisions.

France · Ministry of Economy, Finance, and Recovery

Israel Terrorists Organizations and Unauthorized Associations lists855

Terrorist organizations and individuals as designated by the Israeli government

Israel · National Bureau for Counter Terror Financing

Malaysian MOHA Sanctions List124

The Malaysian Home Affairs list designates those found to be involved in acts of terrorism.

Malaysia · Ministry of Home Affairs (Kementerian Dalam Negeri)

US SAM Procurement Exclusions115,394

A database of suppliers who have been excluded from participating in US federal procurement.

United States · General Services Administration (GSA)

Belgian Financial Sanctions6,366

Belgium extends the European FSF sanctions list on the basis of a national terrorist list, issued by the National Security Council

Belgium · Federal Public Service Finance

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)6,099

As part of the Common Foreign Security Policy the European Union publishes a sanctions list that is implemented by all member states.

European Union · European External Action Service

UN Security Council Consolidated Sanctions1,238

The Security Council's set of sanctions serve as the foundation for most national sanctions lists.

United Nations Security Council (UN SC)

Source data IDs: mymoha-group-kdn-k-08-2014 · unsc-6908033 · eu-fsf-eu-3600-81 · fr-ga-2040 · usgsa-s4mr3q0jf · gb-hmt-11090 · ua-sfms-1078 · gb-fcdo-som0001 · ja-mof-7e752bfdfc31979ba77ff1dc9583cddf7656ac05 · il-nbctf-204e679a851673b5975f45d4777426b015db49e9 · ja-mof-e625cca70fe23adaedf4ed676d641b649c65bd0d · au-dfat-1131-al-shabaab · ca-lte-10-al-shabaab · NK-5TkfHYJcPqMYfg2seWLS7z · au-dfat-3177-al-shabaab · nz-terr-al-shabaab · ofac-10761 · ch-seco-8149

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