Research tool

Hisb'ul Shabaab

The United Nations Security Council’s Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Somalia, dated 20 Jul 2009, contained the following paragraphs involving the activities of al-Shabaab in Somalia: Insurgent groups, such as Al-Shabaab, are alleged to be extorting money from private companies and recruiting young people to join the fight against the Government in Mogadishu, including child soldiers. Al-Shabaab has confirmed the presence of foreign fighters within its ranks and has stated openly that it is working with Al-Qaeda in Mogadishu to remove the Government of Somalia. The foreign fighters, many of whom reportedly originate from Pakistan and Afghanistan, appear to be well trained and battle-tested. They have been observed wearing hoods and directing offensive operations against Government forces in Mogadishu and neighbouring regions. Al-Shabaab has intensified its strategy to coerce and intimidate the Somali population, as reflected in the carefully selected high gain assassinations and arrests of clan elders, several of whom have been murdered. On 19 Jun 2009, Omar Hashi Aden, the Minister of National Security, was killed in a large-scale suicide car bomb in Beletwyne. Over 30 other people were killed in the attack, which was strongly condemned by the international community and a broad cross-section of Somali society.

Al Shabaab is an organized but shifting Islamist group dedicated to establishing a Somali caliphate, waging war against the enemies of Islam, and removing all foreign forces and Western influence from Somalia. It is currently the strongest, best organized, financed and armed military group in Somalia, controlling the largest stretch of territory in southern Somalia. Al Shabaab has carried out suicide bombings and attacks using land mines and remote-controlled roadside bombs, as well as targeted assassinations against Ethiopian and Somali security forces, other government officials, journalists, and civil society leaders. It has also carried out suicide bombings in Uganda in retaliation for the presence of Ugandan peacekeeping forces in Somalia. In October 2017, Al Shabaab detonated two vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices in Mogadishu, killing 512 people and injuring 312 others. More recently, on December 28, 2019, Al Shabaab claimed responsibility for a bombing at a busy intersection on the outskirts of Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least 78 people and injuring at least 51 people. The group is believed to be closely linked with Al Qaida and formally pledged allegiance to Usama bin Laden and his terrorist network.

According to the Statement by the Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia to the Security Council delivered on 29 Jul 2009, both Al-Shabaab and Hisb’ul Islam publicly and repeatedly claimed responsibility for the attacks by their forces on the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and AMISOM. Al-Shabaab had also claimed responsibility for the killing of TFG officials, and on 19 Jul 2009 had raided and shut down the field offices of UNOPS, UNDSS and UNDP in the Bay and Bakool regions, in violation of paragraph 8 (c) of resolution 1844 (2008). Al-Shabaab has also repeatedly obstructed access to, or distribution of humanitarian assistance in Somalia.

Les Chabab (Al-Shabaab) se livrent à des actes qui menacent directement ou indirectement la paix, la sécurité ou la stabilité de la Somalie, notamment mais sans s'y limiter : des actes qui mettent en péril l'accord de Djibouti du 18 août 2008 ou le processus politique - Des actes qui menacent les Institutions fédérales de transition, la Mission de l'Union africaine en Somalie (AMISOM) ou d'autres opérations internationales de maintien de la paix liées à la Somalie. Les Chabab font également obstacle à l'acheminement de l'aide humanitaire destinée à la Somalie, à l'accès à cette aide ou à sa distribution en Somalie

According to an article published by Voice of America on 10 Jul 2009, Al-Shabaab was involved in an attack on Somali government forces in May 2009. According to an article posted on the website of the Council on Foreign Relations authored on 27 Feb 2009, Al-Shabaab has waged an insurgency against Somalia’s transitional government and its Ethiopian supporters since 2006. Al-Shabaab killed eleven Burundian soldiers in the deadliest attack on AU peacekeepers since their deployment and states that Al-Shabaab engaged in heavy fighting that killed at least fifteen people in Mogadishu.

According to reporting, Al-Shabaab raided United Nations compounds in Somalia on 20 Jul 2009, and issued a decree banning three agencies of the United Nations from the Al-Shabaab controlled areas of Somalia. Additionally, Somali Transitional Federal Government forces fought Al-Shabaab and Hizbul Islam insurgents from 11-12 Jul 2009 resulting in the deaths of over 60 people. In the fighting on 11 Jul 2009, Al-Shabaab landed four mortars inside Villa Somalia that resulted in the deaths of three African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) soldiers and injuries to eight others.

According to the Dec 2008 report from the UN Security Council Somalia Monitoring Group (2008/769), Al-Shabaab is responsible for a variety of attacks within Somalia over the last several years, including: the reported killing and beheading of a Somali driver working for the World Food Programme in Sep 2008, the bombing of a market in Puntland that killed 20 and wounded over 100 on 6 Feb 2008, a campaign of bombings and targeted killings in Somaliland intended to disrupt the 2006 parliamentary elections and the murders of several foreign aid workers in 2003 and 2004.

Al-Shabaab has engaged in acts that directly or indirectly threaten the peace, security, or stability of Somalia, including but not limited to acts that threaten the Djibouti Agreement of Aug 18, 2008, or the political process and acts that threaten the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs), the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), or other international peacekeeping operations related to Somalia.

According to an article published by the British Broadcasting Corporation on 22 Feb 2009, Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for a suicide car bomb attack on an African Union military base in Mogadishu. According to the article, the African Union confirmed that 11 African Union peacekeepers were killed and 15 others were hurt.

Al Shabaab, or “the youth”, was formed out of the militant wing of the former Somali Council of Islamic Courts. Its primary objective is the establishment of an Islamist state in the Horn of Africa based on Sharia law and the elimination of secular and foreign influence, including through violent means.

Also listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 21 August 2009 under section 15(1) of the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945 (CotUNA), pursuant to Australia's obligations under UNSC resolution 1373 (2001), see Consolidated List entry 1131.

According to an article published by Reuters on 14 Jul 2009, Al-Shabaab militants made gains in 2009 in guerrilla-style attacks on Somali and African Union forces.

アル・シャバーブは、2008年8月18日のジブチ合意又は政治的プロセスを脅かす行動、及び、ソマリア暫定連邦機構(TFIs)、アフリカ連合ソマリア・ミッション(AMISOM)、又はソマリアに関連する他の国際的な平和維持活動を脅かす行動にとどまらず、直接的又は間接的にソマリアの平和、安全、安定を脅かす行動に関与してきた。

Al-Shabaab has also obstructed the delivery of humanitarian assistance to Somalia, or access to, or distribution of humanitarian assistance in Somalia.

Location: Somalia.

Address
Full addressCountry
ソマリアSomalia
Full addressソマリア[raw]
Citynot available[raw]
Street addressnot available[raw]
CountrySomalia[raw]
Data sources Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people
Linked from
SubjectRoleStart dateEnd date
DIRIYE, AhmedEmir of--
SubjectDIRIYE, Ahmed[raw]
RoleEmir of[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Data sources Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes
Sanctions
AuthorityProgramStart dateEnd date
National Bureau for Counter Terror Financing · The State Security Cabinet (SSC)הכרזה על ארגון טרור על פי סעיף 2 לחוק איסור מימון טרור - התשס''ה- 2005-
AuthorityNational Bureau for Counter Terror Financing · The State Security Cabinet (SSC)[raw]
Programהכרזה על ארגון טרור על פי סעיף 2 לחוק איסור מימון טרור - התשס''ה- 2005[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryIsrael[raw]
Publishing sourceילקוט הפרסומים 6918 - כ"ג בחשוון התשע"ה עמוד 938[raw]
Record ID300[raw]
Source linknbctf.mod.gov.il[raw]
Data sources Israel Terrorists Organizations and Unauthorized Associations lists
United Nations Security Council (UN SC)Somalia-
AuthorityUnited Nations Security Council (UN SC)[raw]
ProgramSomalia[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Source linkwww.un.org[raw]
UN SC identifierSOe.001[raw]
Data sources UN Security Council Consolidated Sanctions
Державна служба фінансового моніторингу України (Держфінмоніторинг)Резолюція РБ ООН 751 (1992) та 1907 (2009)-
AuthorityДержавна служба фінансового моніторингу України (Держфінмоніторинг)[raw]
ProgramРезолюція РБ ООН 751 (1992) та 1907 (2009)[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUkraine[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Source linkfiu.gov.ua[raw]
Data sources Ukraine SFMS Blacklist
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)751 (Somalia and Eritrea)-
AuthorityDepartment of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)[raw]
Program751 (Somalia and Eritrea)[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryAustralia[raw]
Source linkwww.dfat.gov.au[raw]
SummaryListed on 12 April 2010.[raw]
Data sources Australian Sanctions Consolidated List
Ministry of Financeテロリスト等 / 米国等が資産凍結等の措置を実施した個人及び団体-
AuthorityMinistry of Finance[raw]
Programテロリスト等 / 米国等が資産凍結等の措置を実施した個人及び団体[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifier31[raw]
CountryJapan[raw]
Source linkwww.mof.go.jp[raw]
Data sources Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people
Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UNSomalia-
AuthorityOffice of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UN[raw]
ProgramSomalia[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierSOM0001[raw]
CountryUnited Kingdom[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Modified on[raw]
Source linkwww.gov.uk[raw]
StatusAsset Freeze Targets[raw]
UN SC identifierSOe.001[raw]
Data sources UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets
Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)Block · Program · SDN List--
AuthorityOffice of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)[raw]
ProgramBlock · Program · SDN List[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Listing date[raw]
ReasonExecutive Order 13224 (Terrorism) · Executive Order 13620 (Somalia) · INA[raw]
Source linkwww.treasury.gov[raw]
SummaryFTO · SDGT · SOMALIA[raw]
Data sources US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List
Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury DepartmentFTO · SDGT · SOMALIA--
AuthoritySpecially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury Department[raw]
ProgramFTO · SDGT · SOMALIA[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Source linkhome.treasury.gov[raw]
Data sources US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)1373 (2001)-
AuthorityDepartment of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)[raw]
Program1373 (2001)[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryAustralia[raw]
Source linkwww.dfat.gov.au[raw]
SummaryInstrument of first listing: Charter of the United Nations Act 1945 List 2009 (No 1). Last listed on: 16/09/2022[raw]
Data sources Australian Sanctions Consolidated List
Federal Public Service FinanceSOM-
AuthorityFederal Public Service Finance[raw]
ProgramSOM[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.3600.81[raw]
CountryBelgium[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2017/395 (OJ L60)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources Belgian Financial Sanctions
European External Action ServiceSOM-
AuthorityEuropean External Action Service[raw]
ProgramSOM[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.3600.81[raw]
CountryEuropean Union[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2017/395 (OJ L60)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)
State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)Ordinance of 13 May 2009 on measures against Somalia (SR 946.231.169.4), annex 1-
AuthorityState Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)[raw]
ProgramOrdinance of 13 May 2009 on measures against Somalia (SR 946.231.169.4), annex 1[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountrySwitzerland[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Source linkwww.seco.admin.ch[raw]
Data sources Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes
Ministry of Financeソマリアに対する武器禁輸措置等に違反した者等-
AuthorityMinistry of Finance[raw]
Programソマリアに対する武器禁輸措置等に違反した者等[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifier1[raw]
CountryJapan[raw]
Source linkwww.mof.go.jp[raw]
Data sources Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people

Data sources

Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people2,088

Sanctions imposed by Japan under its Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law.

Japan · Ministry of Finance

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List2,643

The Consolidated List is a list of all persons and entities who are subject to targeted financial sanctions under Australian sanctions law.

Australia · Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)

UN Security Council Consolidated Sanctions953

The Security Council's set of sanctions serve as the foundation for most national sanctions lists.

Global · United Nations Security Council (UN SC)

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes4,769

Switzerland manages a sanctions lists with a high degree of detail on the individuals that are subject to it's embargoes.

Switzerland · State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)3,466

As part of the Common Foreign Security Policy the European Union publishes a sanctions list that is implemented by all member states.

European Union · European External Action Service

US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List10,533

The primary United States' sanctions list, specially designated nationals (SDN) part.

United States · Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

Israel Terrorists Organizations and Unauthorized Associations lists802

Terrorist organizations and individuals as designated by the Israeli government.

Israel · National Bureau for Counter Terror Financing

US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)14,082

The Consolidated Screening List (CSL) is a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items.

United States · Department of the Commerce - International Trade Administration

Belgian Financial Sanctions3,737

Belgium extends the European FSF sanctions list on the basis of a national terrorist list, issued by the National Security Council.

Belgium · Federal Public Service Finance

Ukraine SFMS Blacklist942

Ukraine's financial intelligence unit publishes this list of sanctioned individuals.

Ukraine · Державна служба фінансового моніторингу України (Держфінмоніторинг)

UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets3,589

The United Kingom's consolidated international sanctions list.

United Kingdom · Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation

Canadian Listed Terrorist Entities77

The Canadian governments own list of people and organizations associated with terrorism.

Canada · Public Safety Canada

French Freezing of Assets3,559

The register lists all persons, entities and vessels subject to asset freezing measures in force on French territory, pursuant to national, European and international (UN) provisions.

France · Ministry of Economy, Finance, and Recovery

About this page

  • This page describes an entity that is documented as part of the OpenSanctions project in the public interest (FAQ).
  • The entity was added and last updated .
  • For experts: raw data explorer with per-attribute information on data provenance.

Source data IDs: unsc-6908033 · ofac-10761 · eu-fsf-eu-3600-81 · il-nbctf-204e679a851673b5975f45d4777426b015db49e9 · ca-lte-10-al-shabaab · ja-mof-e625cca70fe23adaedf4ed676d641b649c65bd0d · NK-5TkfHYJcPqMYfg2seWLS7z · ja-mof-7e752bfdfc31979ba77ff1dc9583cddf7656ac05 · au-dfat-1131-al-shabaab · fr-ga-2040 · gb-hmt-11090 · ua-sfms-1078 · au-dfat-3177-al-shabaab · ch-seco-8149

[raw]Type
Organization

[raw]Name
AL-SHABAAB · Al Shabaab · Al-Shabaab · Al-Shabaab Al-Islaam · Al-Shabaab Al-Islamiya · 24 more...

[raw]Country
Somalia

[raw]Legal form
not available

[raw]Status
not available

[raw]Created at

[raw]Modified on

[raw]Other name
AL HIJRA · AL-HIJRA · AL-SHABAAB AL-ISLAAM · AL-SHABAAB AL-ISLAMIYA · AL-SHABAAB AL-JIHAAD · 86 more...

[raw]Source link
www.publicsafety.gc.ca · sanctionssearch.ofac.treas.gov

[raw]Topics
Terrorism · Sanctioned entity

[raw]Weak alias
Al Hijra · MYC · MYM · Muslim Youth Center · THE UNITY OF ISLAMIC YOUTH · 3 more...