The United Nations Security Council’s Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Somalia, dated 20 Jul 2009, contained the following paragraphs involving the activities of al-Shabaab in Somalia: Insurgent groups, such as Al-Shabaab, are alleged to be extorting money from private companies and recruiting young people to join the fight against the Government in Mogadishu, including child soldiers. Al-Shabaab has confirmed the presence of foreign fighters within its ranks and has stated openly that it is working with Al-Qaeda in Mogadishu to remove the Government of Somalia. The foreign fighters, many of whom reportedly originate from Pakistan and Afghanistan, appear to be well trained and battle-tested. They have been observed wearing hoods and directing offensive operations against Government forces in Mogadishu and neighbouring regions. Al-Shabaab has intensified its strategy to coerce and intimidate the Somali population, as reflected in the carefully selected high gain assassinations and arrests of clan elders, several of whom have been murdered. On 19 Jun 2009, Omar Hashi Aden, the Minister of National Security, was killed in a large-scale suicide car bomb in Beletwyne. Over 30 other people were killed in the attack, which was strongly condemned by the international community and a broad cross-section of Somali society.
Al Shabaab is an organized but shifting Islamist group dedicated to establishing a Somali caliphate, waging war against the enemies of Islam, and removing all foreign forces and Western influence from Somalia. It is currently the strongest, best organized, financed and armed military group in Somalia, controlling the largest stretch of territory in southern Somalia. Al Shabaab has carried out suicide bombings and attacks using land mines and remote-controlled roadside bombs, as well as targeted assassinations against Ethiopian and Somali security forces, other government officials, journalists, and civil society leaders. It has also carried out suicide bombings in Uganda in retaliation for the presence of Ugandan peacekeeping forces in Somalia. In October 2017, Al Shabaab detonated two vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices in Mogadishu, killing 512 people and injuring 312 others. More recently, on December 28, 2019, Al Shabaab claimed responsibility for a bombing at a busy intersection on the outskirts of Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least 78 people and injuring at least 51 people. The group is believed to be closely linked with Al Qaida and formally pledged allegiance to Usama bin Laden and his terrorist network.
According to the Statement by the Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia to the Security Council delivered on 29 Jul 2009, both Al-Shabaab and Hisb’ul Islam publicly and repeatedly claimed responsibility for the attacks by their forces on the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and AMISOM. Al-Shabaab had also claimed responsibility for the killing of TFG officials, and on 19 Jul 2009 had raided and shut down the field offices of UNOPS, UNDSS and UNDP in the Bay and Bakool regions, in violation of paragraph 8 (c) of resolution 1844 (2008). Al-Shabaab has also repeatedly obstructed access to, or distribution of humanitarian assistance in Somalia.
Les Chabab (Al-Shabaab) se livrent à des actes qui menacent directement ou indirectement la paix, la sécurité ou la stabilité de la Somalie, notamment mais sans s'y limiter : des actes qui mettent en péril l'accord de Djibouti du 18 août 2008 ou le processus politique - Des actes qui menacent les Institutions fédérales de transition, la Mission de l'Union africaine en Somalie (AMISOM) ou d'autres opérations internationales de maintien de la paix liées à la Somalie. Les Chabab font également obstacle à l'acheminement de l'aide humanitaire destinée à la Somalie, à l'accès à cette aide ou à sa distribution en Somalie
According to an article published by Voice of America on 10 Jul 2009, Al-Shabaab was involved in an attack on Somali government forces in May 2009. According to an article posted on the website of the Council on Foreign Relations authored on 27 Feb 2009, Al-Shabaab has waged an insurgency against Somalia’s transitional government and its Ethiopian supporters since 2006. Al-Shabaab killed eleven Burundian soldiers in the deadliest attack on AU peacekeepers since their deployment and states that Al-Shabaab engaged in heavy fighting that killed at least fifteen people in Mogadishu.
According to reporting, Al-Shabaab raided United Nations compounds in Somalia on 20 Jul 2009, and issued a decree banning three agencies of the United Nations from the Al-Shabaab controlled areas of Somalia. Additionally, Somali Transitional Federal Government forces fought Al-Shabaab and Hizbul Islam insurgents from 11-12 Jul 2009 resulting in the deaths of over 60 people. In the fighting on 11 Jul 2009, Al-Shabaab landed four mortars inside Villa Somalia that resulted in the deaths of three African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) soldiers and injuries to eight others.
According to the Dec 2008 report from the UN Security Council Somalia Monitoring Group (2008/769), Al-Shabaab is responsible for a variety of attacks within Somalia over the last several years, including: the reported killing and beheading of a Somali driver working for the World Food Programme in Sep 2008, the bombing of a market in Puntland that killed 20 and wounded over 100 on 6 Feb 2008, a campaign of bombings and targeted killings in Somaliland intended to disrupt the 2006 parliamentary elections and the murders of several foreign aid workers in 2003 and 2004.
Al-Shabaab has engaged in acts that directly or indirectly threaten the peace, security, or stability of Somalia, including but not limited to acts that threaten the Djibouti Agreement of Aug 18, 2008, or the political process and acts that threaten the Transitional Federal Institutions (TFIs), the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), or other international peacekeeping operations related to Somalia.
According to an article published by the British Broadcasting Corporation on 22 Feb 2009, Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for a suicide car bomb attack on an African Union military base in Mogadishu. According to the article, the African Union confirmed that 11 African Union peacekeepers were killed and 15 others were hurt.
Al Shabaab, or “the youth”, was formed out of the militant wing of the former Somali Council of Islamic Courts. Its primary objective is the establishment of an Islamist state in the Horn of Africa based on Sharia law and the elimination of secular and foreign influence, including through violent means.
Also listed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs on 21 August 2009 under section 15(1) of the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945 (CotUNA), pursuant to Australia's obligations under UNSC resolution 1373 (2001), see Consolidated List entry 1131.
According to an article published by Reuters on 14 Jul 2009, Al-Shabaab militants made gains in 2009 in guerrilla-style attacks on Somali and African Union forces.
Al-Shabaab has also obstructed the delivery of humanitarian assistance to Somalia, or access to, or distribution of humanitarian assistance in Somalia.
|Subject||Role||Start date||End date|
|DIRIYE, Ahmed||Emir of||-||-|
|Authority||Program||Start date||End date|
|National Bureau for Counter Terror Financing · The State Security Cabinet (SSC)||הכרזה על ארגון טרור על פי סעיף 2 לחוק איסור מימון טרור - התשס''ה- 2005||-|
|United Nations Security Council (UN SC)||Somalia||-|
|Державна служба фінансового моніторингу України (Держфінмоніторинг)||Резолюція РБ ООН 751 (1992) та 1907 (2009)||-|
|Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)||751 (Somalia and Eritrea)||-|
|Ministry of Finance||テロリスト等 / 米国等が資産凍結等の措置を実施した個人及び団体||-|
|Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UN||Somalia||-|
|Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)||Block · Program · SDN List||-||-|
|Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury Department||FTO · SDGT · SOMALIA||-||-|
|Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)||1373 (2001)||-|
|Federal Public Service Finance||SOM||-|
|European External Action Service||SOM||-|
|State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)||Ordinance of 13 May 2009 on measures against Somalia (SR 922.214.171.124), annex 1||-|
|Ministry of Finance||ソマリアに対する武器禁輸措置等に違反した者等||-|
Japan · Ministry of Finance
Australia · Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)
Global · United Nations Security Council (UN SC)
Switzerland · State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)
European Union · European External Action Service
United States · Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)
Israel · National Bureau for Counter Terror Financing
United States · Department of the Commerce - International Trade Administration
Belgium · Federal Public Service Finance
Ukraine · Державна служба фінансового моніторингу України (Держфінмоніторинг)
United Kingdom · Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation
Canada · Public Safety Canada
France · Ministry of Economy, Finance, and Recovery
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Terrorism · Sanctioned entity