SOE WIN JSON

Soe Win est le commandant en chef adjoint des forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw) depuis 2011. Il est vice-président du Conseil d’administration de l’État (SAC) et membre du Conseil national de défense et de sécurité (NDSC). Le 1er février 2021, les forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw), dirigées par Min Aung Hlaing, leur commandant en chef, ont perpétré un coup d’État au Myanmar/en Birmanie en rejetant les résultats des élections tenues le 8 novembre 2020 et en renversant le gouvernement démocratiquement élu. Dans le cadre de ce coup d’État, le vice-président Myint Swe, agissant en qualité de président par intérim, a proclamé l’état d’urgence le 1er février 2021 et transféré les pouvoirs législatif, exécutif et judiciaire de l’État au commandant en chef des services de défense, le généralissime Min Aung Hlaing. Le 2 février 2021, le SAC a été institué pour exercer ces pouvoirs, empêchant le gouvernement démocratiquement élu d’accomplir son mandat. Soe Win a participé à la réunion du NDSC du 31 janvier 2022, lors de laquelle l’état d’urgence a été prorogé jusqu’au 31 juillet 2022. En sa qualité de vice-président du SAC, le commandant en chef adjoint Soe Win a directement participé à la prise de décisions relatives aux fonctions de l’État et en porte la responsabilité et est donc responsable d’avoir porté atteinte à la démocratie et à l’état de droit au Myanmar/en Birmanie. En outre, le SAC a adopté des décisions limitant le droit à la liberté d’expression, y compris à l’accès à l’information, et le droit de se réunir pacifiquement. Les forces militaires et les autorités opérant sous le contrôle du SAC commettent de graves violations des droits de l’homme depuis le 1er février 2021, en tuant des civils et des manifestants non armés, en limitant la liberté de réunion et d’expression, y compris par des restrictions à l’accès à l’internet, des arrestations arbitraires et la détention de dirigeants de l’opposition et d’opposants au coup d’État. En sa qualité de vice-président du SAC, le commandant en chef adjoint Soe Win est directement responsable de ces décisions répressives et de graves violations des droits de l’homme. En 2018, les Nations unies ainsi que des organisations internationales de la société civile ont fait état de violations flagrantes des droits de l’homme et de graves atteintes au droit international humanitaire commises depuis 2011 par l’armée et la police contre les Rohingyas dans l’État Kachin, l’État Shan et l’État de Rakhine, et elles sont parvenues à la conclusion que nombre de ces violations constituaient des crimes de la plus haute gravité en droit international. En sa qualité de commandant en chef adjoint de la Tatmadaw depuis 2011, Soe Win est responsable de ces graves atteintes et exactions contre les Rohingyas.

Soe Win has been the Deputy-Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) since 2011. He is Vice-Chairman of the State Administration Council (SAC) and member of the National Defence and Security Council (NDSC). On 1 Feb 2021, the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw), led by Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing, staged a coup in Myanmar by setting aside the results of the elections held on 8 Nov 2020 and by overthrowing the democratically elected government. As part of the coup, Vice-President Myint Swe, functioning as Acting President, declared a state of emergency on 1 Feb and transferred the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the State to the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. On 2 Feb, the SAC was established to exercise those powers, preventing the democratically elected government from fulfilling its mandate. As Vice-Chairman of the SAC, Deputy-Commander-in-Chief Soe Win has been directly involved in and responsible for decision making concerning state functions and is therefore responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law in Myanmar/Burma. Additionally, the SAC adopted decisions restricting the rights to freedom of expression, including access to information, and peaceful assembly. The military forces and authorities operating under the control of the SAC have committed serious human rights violations since 1 Feb 2021, killing civilian and unarmed protestors, restricting freedom of assembly and of expression, including by restricting internet access, and through arbitrary arrests and detention of opposition leaders and opponents of the coup. As Vice-Chairman of the SAC, Deputy Commander-in-Chief Soe Win is directly responsible for those repressive decisions and for serious human rights violations. In 2018, the UN as well as international civil society organisations reported gross human rights violations and serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Kachin, Rakhine and Shan States against the Rohingya population by the military and police forces since 2011 and concluded that many of those violations amount to the gravest crimes under international law. As Deputy-Commander-in-Chief of the Tatmadaw since 2011, Soe Win is responsible for those serious violations and abuses against the Rohingya population.

Sanctions
AuthorityProgramStart dateEnd date
Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UKGlobal Human Rights-
AuthorityOffice of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UK[raw]
ProgramGlobal Human Rights[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierGHR0047[raw]
CountryUnited Kingdom[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Modified on[raw]
ReasonVice Senior General Soe Win, as Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) and Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Army, had responsibility for the Tatmadaw troops who carried out serious human rights violations against the Rohingya population in Rakhine State in 2017 and 2019 including unlawful killings, torture, forced labour, systematic rape and other forms of targeted sexual violence. Soe Win was also involved in the financing of the Tatmadaw military operations in Rakhine State during which these violations took place, knowing that this financing would contribute to the commission of these violations.[raw]
Source linkwww.gov.uk[raw]
StatusAsset Freeze Targets[raw]
Data sources UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets
European External Action ServiceMMR-
AuthorityEuropean External Action Service[raw]
ProgramMMR[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.6232.34[raw]
CountryEuropean Union[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2022/662 (OJ L121)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)
Global Affairs CanadaBurma / Birmanie--
AuthorityGlobal Affairs Canada[raw]
ProgramBurma / Birmanie[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifier47[raw]
CountryCanada[raw]
Reason2[raw]
Source linkwww.international.gc.ca[raw]
Data sources Canadian Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions
Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)Block · Program · SDN List--
AuthorityOffice of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)[raw]
ProgramBlock · Program · SDN List[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Listing date[raw]
ReasonExecutive Order 13818 (Global Magnitsky) · Executive Order 14014[raw]
Source linkwww.treasury.gov[raw]
SummaryBURMA-EO14014 · GLOMAG[raw]
Data sources US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List
Federal Public Service FinanceMMR-
AuthorityFederal Public Service Finance[raw]
ProgramMMR[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.6232.34[raw]
CountryBelgium[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2022/662 (OJ L121)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources Belgian Financial Sanctions
State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)Ordinance of 17 October 2018 on measures against Myanmar (SR 946.231.157.5), annex 1-
AuthorityState Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)[raw]
ProgramOrdinance of 17 October 2018 on measures against Myanmar (SR 946.231.157.5), annex 1[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountrySwitzerland[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Source linkwww.seco.admin.ch[raw]
Data sources Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes
Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury DepartmentBURMA-EO14014 · GLOMAG--
AuthoritySpecially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury Department[raw]
ProgramBURMA-EO14014 · GLOMAG[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Source linkhome.treasury.gov[raw]
Data sources US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)

Data sources

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)3,308

As part of the Common Foreign Security Policy the European Union publishes a sanctions list that is implemented by all member states.

European Union · European External Action Service

UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets3,412

The United Kingom's consolidated international sanctions list.

United Kingdom · Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation

US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)13,613

The Consolidated Screening List (CSL) is a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items.

United States · Department of the Commerce - International Trade Administration

Canadian Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions2,579

Sanctions imposed by Canada on specific countries, organizations, or individuals under the Special Economic Measures Act (SEMA) and JVCFOA.

Canada · Global Affairs Canada

French Freezing of Assets3,411

The register lists all persons, entities and vessels subject to asset freezing measures in force on French territory, pursuant to national, European and international (UN) provisions.

France · Ministry of Economy, Finance, and Recovery

Belgian Financial Sanctions3,579

Belgium extends the European FSF sanctions list on the basis of a national terrorist list, issued by the National Security Council.

Belgium · Federal Public Service Finance

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes4,477

Switzerland manages a sanctions lists with a high degree of detail on the individuals that are subject to it's embargoes.

Switzerland · State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)

CIA World Leaders4,877

An index of most national-level cabinet members in world governments that is publicly maintained by the CIA.

United States · Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List10,143

The primary United States' sanctions list, specially designated nationals (SDN) part.

United States · Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

About this page

  • This page describes an entity that is documented as part of the OpenSanctions project in the public interest (FAQ).
  • The entity was added and last updated .
  • For experts: raw data explorer with per-attribute information on data provenance.

Source data IDs: trade-csl-27226 · us-cia-burma-soe-win-min-of-planning-finance · ch-seco-44831 · eu-fsf-eu-6232-34 · ca-sema-burma-2-47 · ofac-27226 · gb-hmt-13898 · fr-ga-3504 · NK-7hH3npNidCtrZwNbREw4oX

[raw]Type
Person

[raw]Name
SOE WIN

[raw]Nationality
Myanmar (Burma)

[raw]Birth date

[raw]Country
Myanmar (Burma)

[raw]Created at

[raw]First name
Soe

[raw]Gender
male

[raw]Last name
Soe Win · Win

[raw]Modified on

[raw]Other name
Soe Win · WIN, Soe

[raw]Position
Commandant en chef adjoint des forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw) depuis 2011. · Deputy-Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) since 2011. Vice-Chairman of the State Administration Council (SAC) and member of the National Defence and Security Council (NDSC). · Min. of Planning & Finance · Vice-président du Conseil d'administration de l'État (SAC) et membre du Conseil national de défense et de sécurité (NDSC).

[raw]Source link
sanctionssearch.ofac.treas.gov · www.cia.gov

[raw]Topics
Politician · Sanctioned entity