Mya Tun OO JSON

Le général Mya Tun Oo est membre des forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw). Il a été nommé ministre de la défense le 1er février 2021 et est membre du Conseil d’administration de l’État (SAC). Le 1er février 2021, les forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw), dirigées par Min Aung Hlaing, leur commandant en chef, ont perpétré un coup d’État au Myanmar/en Birmanie en rejetant les résultats des élections qui se sont tenues le 8 novembre 2020 et en renversant le gouvernement démocratiquement élu. Dans le cadre de ce coup d’État, le vice-président Myint Swe, agissant en qualité de président par intérim, a proclamé l’état d’urgence le 1er février 2021 et transféré les pouvoirs législatif, exécutif et judiciaire de l’État au commandant en chef des services de défense, le généralissime Min Aung Hlaing. Le 2 février 2021, le SAC a été institué pour exercer ces pouvoirs, empêchant le gouvernement démocratiquement élu d’accomplir son mandat. Mya Tun Oo a participé à la réunion du Conseil national de défense et de sécurité (NDSC) du 31 janvier 2022, lors de laquelle l’état d’urgence a été prorogé jusqu’au 31 juillet 2022. En sa qualité de membre du NDSC et du SAC, le général Mya Tun Oo a directement participé à la prise de décisions relatives aux fonctions de l’État et en porte la responsabilité et est donc responsable d’avoir porté atteinte à la démocratie et à l’état de droit au Myanmar/en Birmanie. En outre, le SAC a adopté des décisions limitant le droit à la liberté d’expression, y compris à l’accès à l’information, et le droit de se réunir pacifiquement. Les forces militaires et les autorités opérant sous le contrôle du SAC commettent de graves violations des droits de l’homme depuis le 1er février 2021, en tuant des civils et des manifestants non armés, en limitant la liberté de réunion et d’expression, y compris par des restrictions à l’accès à l’internet, des arrestations arbitraires et la détention de dirigeants de l’opposition et d’opposants au coup d’État. En sa qualité de membre du SAC, le général Mya Tun Oo est directement responsable de ces décisions répressives et de graves violations des droits de l’homme. En outre, en tant que ministre de la défense, Mya Tun Oo porte la responsabilité des attaques menées par les forces militaires dans l’État de Kayah le 25 décembre 2021, qui ont fait plus de 30 morts, dont des enfants et du personnel humanitaire, ainsi que des massacres et des actes de torture perpétrés contre des civils dans l’ensemble du Myanmar/de la Birmanie. Il est donc responsable de graves violations des droits de l’homme au Myanmar/en Birmanie. En 2018, les Nations unies ainsi que des organisations internationales de la société civile ont fait état de violations flagrantes des droits de l’homme et de graves atteintes au droit international humanitaire commises depuis 2011 par l’armée et la police contre les Rohingyas dans l’État Kachin, l’État Shan et l’État de Rakhine, et elles sont parvenues à la conclusion que nombre de ces violations constituaient des crimes de la plus haute gravité en droit international. Mya Tun Oo a été le chef adjoint de l’état-major des forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw), le troisième poste le plus élevé dans la Tatmadaw, d’août 2016 à sa nomination en tant que ministre de la défense. En cette qualité, il a supervisé les opérations militaires menées dans l’État de Rakhine et coordonné les différentes forces armées, notamment terrestres, navales et aériennes, ainsi que le recours à l’artillerie. Il est donc responsable de ces graves atteintes et exactions contre les Rohingyas.

General Mya Tun Oo is a member of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw). He was appointed Minister of Defence on 1 Feb 2021 and is a member of the State Administrative Council (SAC). On 1 Feb 2021, the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw), led by Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing, staged a coup in Myanmar by setting aside the results of the elections held on 8 Nov 2020 and by overthrowing the democratically elected government. As part of the coup, Vice-President Myint Swe, functioning as Acting President, declared a state of emergency on 1 Feb and transferred the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the state to the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. On 2 Feb, the SAC was established to exercise those powers, preventing the democratically elected government from fulfilling its mandate. As member of the SAC, General Mya Tun Oo has been directly involved in and responsible for decision making concerning state functions and is therefore responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law in Myanmar/Burma. Additionally, the SAC adopted decisions restricting the rights to freedom of expression, including access to information, and peaceful assembly. The military forces and authorities operating under the control of the SAC have committed serious human rights violations since 1 Feb 2021, killing civilian and unarmed protestors, restricting freedom of assembly and of expression, including by restricting internet access, and through arbitrary arrests and detention of opposition leaders and opponents of the coup. As member of the SAC, General Mya Tun Oo is directly responsible for those repressive decisions and for serious human rights violations. In 2018, the UN as well as international civil society organisations reported gross human rights violations and serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Kachin, Rakhine and Shan States against the Rohingya population by the military and police forces since 2011 and concluded that many of those violations amount to the gravest crimes under international law. Mya Tun Oo was Joint Chief of Staff of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw), the third most senior position in the Tatmadaw, from Aug 2016 until his appointment as Minister of Defence. In that capacity, he oversaw military operations carried out in Rakhine State and coordinated the various armed forces, including the Army, Navy and Air Force, as well as the use of artillery. He is therefore responsible for those serious violations and abuses against the Rohingya population.

Joined Military 1980. Rapid rise to General 26 August 2016 (Chief of General Staff, Army, Navy and Air Force)

Sanctions
AuthorityProgramStart dateEnd date
Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)Block · Program · SDN List--
AuthorityOffice of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)[raw]
ProgramBlock · Program · SDN List[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Listing date[raw]
ReasonExecutive Order 14014[raw]
Source linkwww.treasury.gov[raw]
SummaryBURMA-EO14014[raw]
Data sources US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List
Global Affairs CanadaBurma / Birmanie--
AuthorityGlobal Affairs Canada[raw]
ProgramBurma / Birmanie[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifier51[raw]
CountryCanada[raw]
Reason2[raw]
Source linkwww.international.gc.ca[raw]
Data sources Canadian Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions
Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UKMyanmar-
AuthorityOffice of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UK[raw]
ProgramMyanmar[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierMYA0017[raw]
CountryUnited Kingdom[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Modified on[raw]
ReasonFollowing the coup against the democratically elected government by the Myanmar military (Tatmadaw) on 31 January, General Mya Tun Oo was appointed Minister of Defence on 1 February. The Minister of Defence is responsible for the Tatmadaw, which includes the Army, Navy and Air Force. The Tatmadaw have committed serious human rights violations in Myanmar since 1 February 2021 including prohibiting freedom of assembly, the arbitrary arrest and detention of opposition leaders and opponents of the coup, violence against protesters – including the use of water cannon and rubber and live ammunition - and preventing use of the internet. As the Minister of Defence, General Mya Tun Oo has command responsibility for these violations and can therefore be held responsible for these actions.[raw]
Source linkwww.gov.uk[raw]
StatusAsset Freeze Targets[raw]
Data sources UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets
European External Action ServiceMMR-
AuthorityEuropean External Action Service[raw]
ProgramMMR[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.6235.31[raw]
CountryEuropean Union[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2022/662 (OJ L121)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)
State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)Ordinance of 17 October 2018 on measures against Myanmar (SR 946.231.157.5), annex 1-
AuthorityState Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)[raw]
ProgramOrdinance of 17 October 2018 on measures against Myanmar (SR 946.231.157.5), annex 1[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountrySwitzerland[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Source linkwww.seco.admin.ch[raw]
Data sources Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes
Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury DepartmentBURMA-EO14014--
AuthoritySpecially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury Department[raw]
ProgramBURMA-EO14014[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Source linkhome.treasury.gov[raw]
Data sources US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)
Federal Public Service FinanceMMR-
AuthorityFederal Public Service Finance[raw]
ProgramMMR[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.6235.31[raw]
CountryBelgium[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2022/662 (OJ L121)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources Belgian Financial Sanctions

Data sources

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)3,308

As part of the Common Foreign Security Policy the European Union publishes a sanctions list that is implemented by all member states.

European Union · European External Action Service

UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets3,412

The United Kingom's consolidated international sanctions list.

United Kingdom · Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation

US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)13,613

The Consolidated Screening List (CSL) is a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items.

United States · Department of the Commerce - International Trade Administration

Canadian Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions2,579

Sanctions imposed by Canada on specific countries, organizations, or individuals under the Special Economic Measures Act (SEMA) and JVCFOA.

Canada · Global Affairs Canada

French Freezing of Assets3,411

The register lists all persons, entities and vessels subject to asset freezing measures in force on French territory, pursuant to national, European and international (UN) provisions.

France · Ministry of Economy, Finance, and Recovery

Belgian Financial Sanctions3,579

Belgium extends the European FSF sanctions list on the basis of a national terrorist list, issued by the National Security Council.

Belgium · Federal Public Service Finance

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes4,477

Switzerland manages a sanctions lists with a high degree of detail on the individuals that are subject to it's embargoes.

Switzerland · State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)

US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List10,143

The primary United States' sanctions list, specially designated nationals (SDN) part.

United States · Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

About this page

  • This page describes an entity that is documented as part of the OpenSanctions project in the public interest (FAQ).
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Source data IDs: NK-d77LkXuFEqKTBYBT2MPVAp · ca-sema-burma-2-51 · trade-csl-31131 · ofac-31131 · eu-fsf-eu-6235-31 · gb-hmt-14058 · fr-ga-3507 · ch-seco-44854

[raw]Type
Person

[raw]Name
Mya Tun OO

[raw]Nationality
Myanmar (Burma)

[raw]Birth date
·

[raw]Country
Myanmar (Burma)

[raw]Created at

[raw]First name
Mya · Mya Tun

[raw]Gender
male

[raw]Last name
Mya Tun Oo · OO · Oo

[raw]Modified on

[raw]Other name
Mya Htun Oo · Mya Tun Oo · OO, Mya Tun

[raw]Position
Général et membre des forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw). · Member of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw). Appointed as Minister of Defence on 1 February 2021 and is a member of the State Administrative Council (SAC). · Minister of Defence · Ministre de la défense le 1er février 2021 et est membre du Conseil d'administration de l'État (SAC).

[raw]Second name
Htun · Tun

[raw]Source link
sanctionssearch.ofac.treas.gov

[raw]Title
General

[raw]Topics
Sanctioned entity