KYAW, Maung Maung JSON

Le général Maung Maung Kyaw est membre des forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw) et fait partie du Conseil d’administration de l’État (SAC). Il a précédemment exercé les fonctions de commandant en chef de l’armée de l’air du Myanmar/de la Birmanie entre 2018 et janvier 2022. Le 1er février 2021, les forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw), dirigées par Min Aung Hlaing, leur commandant en chef, ont perpétré un coup d’État au Myanmar/en Birmanie en rejetant les résultats des élections tenues le 8 novembre 2020 et en renversant le gouvernement démocratiquement élu. Dans le cadre de ce coup d’État, le vice-président Myint Swe, agissant en qualité de président par intérim, a proclamé l’état d’urgence le 1er février 2021 et transféré les pouvoirs législatif, exécutif et judiciaire de l’État au commandant en chef des services de défense, le généralissime Min Aung Hlaing. Le 2 février 2021, le SAC a été institué pour exercer ces pouvoirs, empêchant le gouvernement démocratiquement élu d’accomplir son mandat. En sa qualité de membre du SAC, le général Maung Maung Kyaw a directement participé à la prise de décisions relatives aux fonctions de l’État et en porte la responsabilité et est donc responsable d’avoir porté atteinte à la démocratie et à l’état de droit au Myanmar/en Birmanie. En outre, le SAC a adopté des décisions limitant le droit à la liberté d’expression, y compris à l’accès à l’information, et le droit de se réunir pacifiquement. Les forces militaires et les autorités opérant sous le contrôle du SAC commettent de graves violations des droits de l’homme depuis le 1er février 2021, en tuant des civils et des manifestants non armés, en limitant la liberté de réunion et d’expression, y compris par des restrictions à l’accès à l’internet, des arrestations arbitraires et la détention de dirigeants de l’opposition et d’opposants au coup d’État. En sa qualité de membre du SAC, le général Maung Maung Kyaw est directement responsable de ces décisions répressives et de graves violations des droits de l’homme. En outre, en sa qualité d’ancien chef de l’armée de l’air du Myanmar/de la Birmanie, il était directement responsable des bombardements qui ont eu lieu dans l’État de Kayah en décembre 2021, ciblant la population civile et faisant un nombre élevé de victimes. Il est donc responsable de graves violations des droits de l’homme.

General Maung Maung Kyaw is a member of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) and member of the State Administration Council (SAC). On 1 Feb 2021, the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw), led by Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing, staged a coup in Myanmar by setting aside the results of the elections held on 8 Nov 2020 and overthrowing the democratically elected government. As part of the coup, Vice-President Myint Swe, functioning as Acting President, declared a state of emergency on 1 Feb and transferred the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the state to the Commander in-Chief of Defence Services Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. On 2 Feb, the SAC was established to exercise those powers, preventing the democratically elected government from fulfilling its mandate. As member of the SAC, General Maung Maung Kyaw has been directly involved in and responsible for decision making concerning state functions and is therefore responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law in Myanmar/Burma. Additionally, the SAC adopted decisions restricting the rights to freedom of expression, including access to information, and peaceful assembly. The military forces and authorities operating under the control of the SAC have committed serious human rights violations since 1 Feb 2021, killing civilian and unarmed protestors, restricting freedom of assembly and of expression, including by restricting internet access, and through arbitrary arrests and detention of opposition leaders and opponents of the coup. As member of the SAC, General Maung Maung Kyaw is directly responsible for those repressive decisions and for serious human rights violations.

Air Force Serial BAF1925

Address
Full addressCountry
BurmaMyanmar (Burma)
Full addressBurma[raw]
Citynot available[raw]
Street addressnot available[raw]
CountryMyanmar (Burma)[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Data sources US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List
Sanctions
AuthorityProgramStart dateEnd date
Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UKMyanmar-
AuthorityOffice of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UK[raw]
ProgramMyanmar[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierMYA0020[raw]
CountryUnited Kingdom[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Modified on[raw]
ReasonOn 1 February 2021 the Myanmar military (Tatmadaw), led by Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing, staged a coup in Myanmar. As part of the coup, Vice-President Swe declared a state of emergency on 1 February transferring the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the state to Min Aung Hlaing. On 2 February, the Tatmadaw established the State Administration Council (SAC), which is chaired by Hlaing, in order to run the functions of the state. General Maung Maung Kyaw was appointed to the SAC on 2 February. The Myanmar security forces have committed serious human rights violations since 1 February 2021: killing a protestor, restricting freedom of assembly and expression including through restricting internet access, arbitrary arrest and detention of opposition leaders and opponents of the coup. The SAC has adopted legislation violating the right to privacy and the right not to be subject to arbitrary detention in Myanmar. As a member of the SAC, Maung Maung Kyaw shares responsibility with its other members for the exercise of state functions since 2 February 2021, including legislation violating human rights, and for the serious human rights violations committed by the Myanmar security forces. As a member of the SAC, General Maung Maung Kyaw is associated with Commander in Chief General Min Aung Hlaing who is a designated person under the Myanmar (Sanctions) Regulations 2021 in respect of actions related to the February 2021 coup.[raw]
Source linkwww.gov.uk[raw]
StatusAsset Freeze Targets[raw]
Data sources UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets
Federal Public Service FinanceMMR-
AuthorityFederal Public Service Finance[raw]
ProgramMMR[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.6238.28[raw]
CountryBelgium[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2022/662 (OJ L121)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources Belgian Financial Sanctions
Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury DepartmentBURMA-EO14014--
AuthoritySpecially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury Department[raw]
ProgramBURMA-EO14014[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Source linkhome.treasury.gov[raw]
Data sources US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)
State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)Ordinance of 17 October 2018 on measures against Myanmar (SR 946.231.157.5), annex 1-
AuthorityState Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)[raw]
ProgramOrdinance of 17 October 2018 on measures against Myanmar (SR 946.231.157.5), annex 1[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountrySwitzerland[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Source linkwww.seco.admin.ch[raw]
Data sources Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes
Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)Block · Program · SDN List--
AuthorityOffice of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)[raw]
ProgramBlock · Program · SDN List[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Listing date[raw]
ReasonExecutive Order 14014[raw]
Source linkwww.treasury.gov[raw]
SummaryBURMA-EO14014[raw]
Data sources US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List
European External Action ServiceMMR-
AuthorityEuropean External Action Service[raw]
ProgramMMR[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.6238.28[raw]
CountryEuropean Union[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2022/662 (OJ L121)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)
Global Affairs CanadaBurma / Birmanie--
AuthorityGlobal Affairs Canada[raw]
ProgramBurma / Birmanie[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifier55[raw]
CountryCanada[raw]
Reason2[raw]
Source linkwww.international.gc.ca[raw]
Data sources Canadian Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions

Data sources

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes4,477

Switzerland manages a sanctions lists with a high degree of detail on the individuals that are subject to it's embargoes.

Switzerland · State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)

Canadian Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions2,579

Sanctions imposed by Canada on specific countries, organizations, or individuals under the Special Economic Measures Act (SEMA) and JVCFOA.

Canada · Global Affairs Canada

Belgian Financial Sanctions3,579

Belgium extends the European FSF sanctions list on the basis of a national terrorist list, issued by the National Security Council.

Belgium · Federal Public Service Finance

US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List10,143

The primary United States' sanctions list, specially designated nationals (SDN) part.

United States · Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)13,613

The Consolidated Screening List (CSL) is a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items.

United States · Department of the Commerce - International Trade Administration

French Freezing of Assets3,411

The register lists all persons, entities and vessels subject to asset freezing measures in force on French territory, pursuant to national, European and international (UN) provisions.

France · Ministry of Economy, Finance, and Recovery

UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets3,412

The United Kingom's consolidated international sanctions list.

United Kingdom · Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)3,308

As part of the Common Foreign Security Policy the European Union publishes a sanctions list that is implemented by all member states.

European Union · European External Action Service

About this page

  • This page describes an entity that is documented as part of the OpenSanctions project in the public interest (FAQ).
  • The entity was added and last updated .
  • For experts: raw data explorer with per-attribute information on data provenance.

Source data IDs: ca-sema-burma-2-55 · fr-ga-3510 · ofac-31172 · gb-hmt-14060 · NK-LJwvm7PgMLazBYgCQJDRG2 · eu-fsf-eu-6238-28 · ch-seco-44873 · ca-sema-burma-55 · trade-csl-31172

[raw]Type
Person

[raw]Name
KYAW, Maung Maung

[raw]Nationality
Myanmar (Burma)

[raw]Birth date

[raw]Country
Myanmar (Burma)

[raw]Created at

[raw]First name
Maung · Maung Maung

[raw]Gender
male

[raw]ID Number
12/BAHANA(N)010023

[raw]Last name
Kyaw · Maung Maung Kyaw

[raw]Modified on

[raw]Other name
Maung Maung Kyaw

[raw]Position
Commander-in-Chief of Air Force · Général et membre des forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw) · Member of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) and member of the State Administration Council (SAC). Previously served as Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Air Force between 2018 and January 2022.

[raw]Second name
Maung

[raw]Source link
sanctionssearch.ofac.treas.gov

[raw]Title
General

[raw]Topics
Sanctioned entity