Min Aung HLAING JSON

Min Aung Hlaing est le commandant en chef des forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw) depuis 2011. Il est le président du Conseil d’administration de l’État (SAC) et membre du Conseil national de défense et de sécurité (NDSC). Min Aung Hlaing s’est déclaré “Premier ministre” le 1er août 2021. Le 1er février 2021, les forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw), dirigées par Min Aung Hlaing, leur commandant en chef, ont perpétré un coup d’État au Myanmar/en Birmanie en rejetant les résultats des élections tenues le 8 novembre 2020 et en renversant le gouvernement démocratiquement élu. Dans le cadre de ce coup d’État, le vice-président Myint Swe, agissant en qualité de président par intérim, a proclamé l’état d’urgence le 1er février 2021 et transféré les pouvoirs législatif, exécutif et judiciaire de l’État au commandant en chef des services de défense, le généralissime Min Aung Hlaing. Le 2 février 2021, le SAC a été institué pour exercer ces pouvoirs, empêchant le gouvernement démocratiquement élu d’accomplir son mandat. Le 31 janvier 2022, à la demande de Min Aung Hlaing, le NDSC a officiellement prorogé l’état d’urgence jusqu’au 31 juillet 2022. En concentrant tous les pouvoirs, et en sa qualité de président du SAC, le commandant en chef Min Aung Hlaing a directement participé à la prise de décisions relatives aux fonctions de l’État et en porte la responsabilité, et il est donc responsable d’avoir porté atteinte à la démocratie et à l’état de droit au Myanmar/en Birmanie. En outre, le SAC a adopté des décisions limitant le droit à la liberté d’expression, y compris à l’accès à l’information, et le droit de se réunir pacifiquement. Les forces militaires et les autorités opérant sous le contrôle du SAC commettent de graves violations des droits de l’homme depuis le 1er février 2021, en tuant des civils et des manifestants non armés, en limitant la liberté de réunion et d’expression, y compris par des restrictions à l’accès à l’internet, des arrestations arbitraires et la détention de dirigeants de l’opposition et d’opposants au coup d’État. En sa qualité de président du SAC, le commandant en chef Min Aung Hlaing est directement responsable de ces décisions répressives et de graves violations des droits de l’homme. En 2018, les Nations unies ainsi que des organisations internationales de la société civile ont fait état de violations flagrantes des droits de l’homme et de graves atteintes au droit international humanitaire commises depuis 2011 par l’armée et la police contre les Rohingyas dans l’État Kachin, l’État Shan et l’État de Rakhine, et elles sont parvenues à la conclusion que nombre de ces violations constituaient des crimes de la plus haute gravité en droit international. En sa qualité de commandant en chef de la Tatmadaw depuis 2011, Min Aung Hlaing est directement responsable de ces graves atteintes et exactions contre les Rohingyas.

Min Aung Hlaing has been the Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) since 2011. He is Chairman of the State Administration Council (SAC) and member of the National Defence and Security Council (NDSC). On 1 Feb 2021, the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw), led by Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing, staged a coup in Myanmar/Burma by setting aside the results of the elections held on 8 Nov 2020 and by overthrowing the democratically elected government. As part of the coup, Vice-President Myint Swe, functioning as Acting President, declared a state of emergency on 1 Feb and transferred the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the State to the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services Senior General Min Aung Hlaing. On 2 Feb, the SAC was established to exercise those powers, preventing the democratically elected government from fulfilling its mandate. By concentrating all powers and as Chairman of the SAC, Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing has been directly involved in and responsible for decision making concerning state functions and is therefore responsible for undermining democracy and the rule of law in Myanmar/Burma. Additionally, the SAC adopted decisions restricting the rights to freedom of expression, including access to information, and peaceful assembly. The military forces and authorities operating under the control of the SAC have committed serious human rights violations since 1 Feb 2021, killing civilian and unarmed protestors, restricting freedom of assembly and of expression, including by restricting internet access, and through arbitrary arrests and detention of opposition leaders and opponents of the coup. As Chairman of the SAC, Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing is directly responsible for those repressive decisions and for serious human rights violations. In 2018, the UN as well as international civil society organisations reported gross human rights violations and serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Kachin, Rakhine and Shan States against the Rohingya population by the military and police forces since 2011 and concluded that many of those violations amount to the gravest crimes under international law. As Commander-in-Chief of the Tatmadaw since 2011, Min Aung Hlaing is directly responsible for those serious violations and abuses against the Rohingya population.

Listed under the Global Human Rights and Myanmar sanctions regimes.

National Identification number: 12/SAKHANA(N)020199

Identifications
Passport numberCountryTypeStart dateEnd date
12/SAKHANA(N)020199-Other identification number--
Passport number12/SAKHANA(N)020199[raw]
Countrynot available[raw]
TypeOther identification number[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
SummaryNational Identification number[raw]
Data sources Belgian Financial Sanctions
12/SAKHANA(N)020199-Other identification number--
Passport number12/SAKHANA(N)020199[raw]
Countrynot available[raw]
TypeOther identification number[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
SummaryNational Identification number[raw]
Data sources EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)
Sanctions
AuthorityProgramStart dateEnd date
State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)Ordinance of 17 October 2018 on measures against Myanmar (SR 946.231.157.5), annex 1-
AuthorityState Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)[raw]
ProgramOrdinance of 17 October 2018 on measures against Myanmar (SR 946.231.157.5), annex 1[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountrySwitzerland[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Source linkwww.seco.admin.ch[raw]
Data sources Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes
Global Affairs CanadaBurma / Birmanie--
AuthorityGlobal Affairs Canada[raw]
ProgramBurma / Birmanie[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifier46[raw]
CountryCanada[raw]
Reason2[raw]
Source linkwww.international.gc.ca[raw]
Data sources Canadian Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions
Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)Block · Program · SDN List--
AuthorityOffice of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)[raw]
ProgramBlock · Program · SDN List[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Listing date[raw]
ReasonExecutive Order 13818 (Global Magnitsky) · Executive Order 14014[raw]
Source linkwww.treasury.gov[raw]
SummaryBURMA-EO14014 · GLOMAG[raw]
Data sources US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List
European External Action ServiceMMR-
AuthorityEuropean External Action Service[raw]
ProgramMMR[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.6231.35[raw]
CountryEuropean Union[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2022/662 (OJ L121)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)
Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury DepartmentBURMA-EO14014 · GLOMAG--
AuthoritySpecially Designated Nationals (SDN) - Treasury Department[raw]
ProgramBURMA-EO14014 · GLOMAG[raw]
Start datenot available[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
CountryUnited States[raw]
Source linkhome.treasury.gov[raw]
Data sources US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)
Federal Public Service FinanceMMR-
AuthorityFederal Public Service Finance[raw]
ProgramMMR[raw]
Start date[raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierEU.6231.35[raw]
CountryBelgium[raw]
Listing date[raw]
Reason2022/662 (OJ L121)[raw]
Source linkeur-lex.europa.eu[raw]
Data sources Belgian Financial Sanctions
Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UKGlobal Human Rights · Myanmar · -
AuthorityOffice of Financial Sanctions Implementation · UK[raw]
ProgramGlobal Human Rights · Myanmar[raw]
Start date · [raw]
End datenot available[raw]
Authority-issued identifierGHR0046 and MYA0018[raw]
CountryUnited Kingdom[raw]
Listing date · [raw]
Modified on[raw]
ReasonSenior General Min Aung Hlaing is Commander in Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw). In this role, he was responsible for military operations carried out in Rakhine State in 2017 and in 2019 and is responsible for atrocities and serious human rights violations committed against the Rohingya population in Rakhine state by the Tatmadaw. These include unlawful killings, including through systematic burning of Rohingya houses and buildings, massacre, torture, forced labour, systematic rape and other forms of targeted sexual violence, and enforced labour. On 1 February 2021 the Myanmar military (Tatmadaw), led by Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing, staged a coup in Myanmar. As part of the coup, Vice-President Swe declared a state of emergency on 1 February transferring the legislative, executive and judicial powers of the state to Min Aung Hlaing. On 2 February, the Tatmadaw established the State Administration Council (SAC), which is chaired by Hlaing, in order to run the functions of the state. The SAC has adopted legislation violating the right to privacy and removing protection from arbitrary detention in Myanmar. The Myanmar security forces have committed serious human rights violations since 1 February 2021; killing a protestor, restricting freedom of assembly and of expression including through restricting internet access and of assembly, arbitrary arrest and detention of opposition leaders and opponents of the coup, and infringing. As the Commander-in-Chief of the Tatmadaw, Min Aung Hlaing has overall control of the Myanmar security forces and therefore has command responsibility for these violations. As a member of the SAC Hlaing shares responsibility with its other members for the exercise of state functions since 2 February 2021, including legislation violating human rights, and for the serious human rights violations committed by the Myanmar security forces.[raw]
Source linkwww.gov.uk[raw]
StatusAsset Freeze Targets[raw]
Data sources UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets

Data sources

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes4,477

Switzerland manages a sanctions lists with a high degree of detail on the individuals that are subject to it's embargoes.

Switzerland · State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)

Canadian Special Economic Measures Act Sanctions2,579

Sanctions imposed by Canada on specific countries, organizations, or individuals under the Special Economic Measures Act (SEMA) and JVCFOA.

Canada · Global Affairs Canada

Belgian Financial Sanctions3,579

Belgium extends the European FSF sanctions list on the basis of a national terrorist list, issued by the National Security Council.

Belgium · Federal Public Service Finance

US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List10,143

The primary United States' sanctions list, specially designated nationals (SDN) part.

United States · Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)13,613

The Consolidated Screening List (CSL) is a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items.

United States · Department of the Commerce - International Trade Administration

French Freezing of Assets3,411

The register lists all persons, entities and vessels subject to asset freezing measures in force on French territory, pursuant to national, European and international (UN) provisions.

France · Ministry of Economy, Finance, and Recovery

UK OFSI Consolidated List of Targets3,412

The United Kingom's consolidated international sanctions list.

United Kingdom · Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)3,308

As part of the Common Foreign Security Policy the European Union publishes a sanctions list that is implemented by all member states.

European Union · European External Action Service

About this page

  • This page describes an entity that is documented as part of the OpenSanctions project in the public interest (FAQ).
  • The entity was added and last updated .
  • For experts: raw data explorer with per-attribute information on data provenance.

Source data IDs: gb-hmt-13897 · fr-ga-3501 · ch-seco-44816 · eu-fsf-eu-6231-35 · ca-sema-burma-2-46 · trade-csl-27225 · NK-QwCDZQhaJhNs2DZFfpZGvn · ofac-27225

[raw]Type
Person

[raw]Name
Min Aung HLAING

[raw]Nationality
Myanmar (Burma)

[raw]Birth date

[raw]Country
Myanmar (Burma)

[raw]Created at

[raw]First name
Min · Min Aung

[raw]Gender
male

[raw]ID Number
12/SAKHANA(N)020199

[raw]Last name
HLAING · Hlaing · Min Aung Hlaing

[raw]Modified on

[raw]Other name
HLAING, Min Aung · Min Aung Hlaing

[raw]Place of birth
Dawei, Burma · Tavoy

[raw]Position
Commandant en chef des forces armées du Myanmar/de la Birmanie (Tatmadaw) depuis 2011 · Commander-in-Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) since 2011. Chairman of the State Administration Council (SAC) and member of the National Defence and Security Council (NDSC). Declared himself as "Prime Minister" on 1 August 2021. · Président du Conseil d'administration de l'État (SAC) et membre du Conseil national de défense et de sécurité (NDSC)

[raw]Second name
Aung

[raw]Source link
sanctionssearch.ofac.treas.gov

[raw]Topics
Sanctioned entity