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ADF (Allied Democratic Forces)

Terrorism · Sanctioned entity
ADF (Allied Democratic Forces) is subject to sanctions. See the individual program listings below.
TypeOrganization[sources]
NameADF · ADF (Allied Democratic Forces) · ADF Forces démocratiques alliées · ADF/NALU · Forces Democratiques Alliees-Armee Nationale de Liberation de l'Ouganda · 5 more...[sources]
Other nameADF · ADF/NALU · ALLIED DEMOCRATIC FORCES · Allied Democratic Forces · City of Monotheism and Holy Warriors · 19 more...[sources]
Weak aliasADF · ADF/NALU · ISIS-DRC[sources]
Legal formnot available[sources]
CountryCongo - Kinshasa · Uganda[sources]
Previous nameADF/NALU · ADF/NALU、 · Forces Democratiques Alliees-Armee Nationale de Liberation de l'Ouganda · Forces Démocratiques Alliées - Armée Nationale de Libération de l'Ouganda · Forces Démocratiques Alliées-Armée Nationale de Libération de l’Ouganda · 2 more...[sources]
Statusnot available[sources]
AddressNorth Kivu Province, Congo (Democratic Republic) · North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo[sources]
Source linkwww.publicsafety.gc.ca · gels-avoirs.dgtresor.gouv.fr · sanctionssearch.ofac.treas.gov[sources]
Created at[sources]
Modified on[sources]
Last changedLast checkedFirst seen

Descriptions

ADF founder and leader, Jamil Mukulu (CDi.015), was arrested in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in April 2015. He was subsequently extradited to Kampala, Uganda in July 2015. As of June 2016, Mukulu is reportedly being held in a police detention cell awaiting his trial. Seka Baluku (CDi.036) succeeded Jamil Mukulu (CDi.015) as the overall leader of the ADF. As highlighted in several reports from the Group of Experts on the DRC (S/2015/19, S/2015/797, S/2016/1102, S/2017/672, S/2018/531, S/2019/469, S/2019/974, S/2020/482), the ADF, including under Seka Baluku’s leadership, continued to commit the repeated targeting, killing and maiming, rape and other sexual violence, abduction of civilians, including children, as well as attacks on villages and health facilities, in particular in Mamove, Beni territory, on 12 and 24 February 2019, and Mantumbi, Beni territory, on 5 December 2019 and 30 January 2020, as well as the continuous recruitment and use of children during attacks and for forced labour in Beni territory in the DRC since at least 2015.

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List,

The Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) was created in 1995 and is located in the mountainous DRC-Uganda border area.

Belgian Financial Sanctions,

In April 2019, the Islamic State (IS) announced the creation of Islamic State Central Africa Province (ISCAP). ISCAP is composed of two separate, geographically distinct insurgencies—one in northern Mozambique and one in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) being conducted by Islamic State – Democratic Republic of the Congo (IS-DRC). In July 2019, IS released a video of Musa Baluku, the leader of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), an Islamist-affiliated rebel group based in DRC, pledging allegiance to the leader of IS. Several members of the ADF disagreed with the pledge and split away from the larger group that year. Since the pledge, many of the ADF’s activities have been claimed by IS under the regional banner of ISCAP. IS-DRC has been responsible for attacks in eastern DRC against civilians and military targets. On May 13, 2020, IS issued two communiqués, the first claiming that fighters captured and killed three Congolese soldiers in North Kivu Province, DRC. The second claimed that fighters shot and killed 10 people after opening fire on a crowd of Christians in Iringite, a city near Beni, DRC. Both attacks were confirmed by local media as perpetrated by the ADF. On October 20, 2020, the ADF attacked Kangbayi central prison in Beni, DRC, and freed over 1,300 prisoners. Both the ADF and IS claimed responsibility for the attack.

Canadian Listed Terrorist Entities,

Seka Baluku (SSID: 100-41278) succeeded Jamil Mukulu (SSID: 100-3217) as the overall leader of the ADF. As highlighted in several reports from the Group of Experts on the DRC (S/2015/19, S/2015/797, S/2016/1102, S/2017/672, S/2018/531, S/2019/469, S/2019/974, S/2020/482), the ADF, including under Seka Baluku’s leadership, continued to commit the repeated targeting, killing and maiming, rape and other sexual violence, abduction of civilians, including children, as well as attacks on villages and health facilities, in particular in Mamove, Beni territory, on 12 and 24 Feb 2019, and Mantumbi, Beni territory, on 5 Dec 2019 and 30 Jan 2020, as well as the continuous recruitment and use of children during attacks and for forced labour in Beni territory in the DRC since at least 2015.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

ADF founder and leader, Jamil Mukulu (SSID: 100-3217), was arrested in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in Apr 2015. He was subsequently extradited to Kampala, Uganda in Jul 2015. As of Jun 2016, Mukulu is reportedly being held in a police detention cell awaiting his trial.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

The ADF’s military commander is Hood Lukwago.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

The ADF has also participated in attacks against the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) peacekeepers (UNSCR paragraph 4 (i)). MONUSCO reported that ADF has conducted at least two attacks on MONUSCO peacekeepers. The first, on 14 Jul 2013, was an attack on a MONUSCO patrol on the road between Mbau and Kamango. This attack is detailed in the 2013 GOE final report. The second attack occurred on 3 Mar 2014. A MONUSCO vehicle was attacked with grenades 10 kilometres from the Mavivi airport in Beni, resulting in injuries to five peacekeepers.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

The ADF has also committed numerous violations of international human rights and international humanitarian law against women and children, including killing, maiming, and sexual violence (UNSCR paragraph 4 (e)). According to the GOE 2013 final report, in 2013 the ADF attacked numerous villages, which prompted more than 66,000 people to flee into Uganda. These attacks depopulated a large area, which ADF has since controlled by abducting or killing people who return to their villages. Between Jul and Sep 2013, ADF decapitated at least five people in the Kamango area, shot several others, and kidnapped dozens more. These actions terrorized the local population and deterred people from returning home. The Global Horizontal Note, a monitoring and reporting mechanism of grave violations against children in situations of armed conflict, reported to the Security Council’s Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict (CAAC) that during the Oct to Dec 2013 reporting period, ADF was responsible for 14 of the 18 child casualties documented, including in an incident on 11 Dec 2013, in Beni territory, North Kivu, when ADF attacked the village of Musuku, killing 23 people, including 11 children (three girls and eight boys), aged 2 months to 17 years. All victims had all been severely mutilated with machetes, including two children who survived the attack. The Mar 2014 Report of the Secretary General on Conflict Related Sexual Violence identifies the “Allied Democratic Forces — National Army for the Liberation of Uganda” on its list of “Parties credibly suspected of committing or being responsible for rape or other forms of sexual violence in situations of armed conflict.”

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

available.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

The ADF has recruited and used child soldiers in violation of applicable international law (UNSCR paragraph 4 (d)). The United Nations Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s ("GOE") 2013 final report stated that the GOE interviewed three former ADF fighters who had escaped during 2013 and who described how ADF recruiters in Uganda lure people to the DRC with false promises of employment (for adults) and free education (for children) and then force them to join the ADF. Also according to the GOE’s report, former ADF fighters told the GOE that the ADF’s training groups typically include adult men and boys and two boys who escaped from the ADF in 2013 told the GOE that they had received military training from the ADF. The GOE report also includes an account of ADF’s training by a “former ADF child soldier”. According to the GOE’s 2012 final report, the ADF recruits include children, as exemplified by the case of an ADF recruiter who was captured by Ugandan authorities in Kasese with six young boys on his way to the DRC in Jul 2012. A specific example of the ADF’s recruitment and use of children is seen in a 6 Jan 2009 letter from the former Africa Director for Human Rights Watch, Georgette Gagnon, to Uganda’s former Minister of Justice, Kiddhu Makubuyu, stating that a boy named Bushobozi Irumba was abducted at 9 years of age by the ADF in 2000. He was required to provide transport and other services to ADF fighters. In addition, “The Africa Report” cited allegations that the ADF is allegedly recruiting children as young as 10 years of age as child soldiers and cited a Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) spokesperson as stating that the UPDF rescued 30 children from a training camp on Buvuma Island in Lake Victoria.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

The ADF was created in 1995 and is located in the mountainous DRC-Uganda border area. According to the GOE's 2013 final report, citing Ugandan officials and UN sources, in 2013 the ADF had an estimated strength of 1,200 to 1,500 armed fighters located in north-east Beni Territory of North Kivu province, close to the border with Uganda. These same sources estimate ADF’s total membership — including women and children — to be between 1,600 and 2,500. Due to offensive military operations by the Congolese Armed Forces (FARDC) and MONUSCO conducted in 2013 and 2014, ADF has dispersed its fighters to numerous smaller bases, and moved women and children to areas west of Beni, and along the Ituri-North Kivu border.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

The Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) was created in 1995 and is located in the mountainous DRC-Uganda border area.

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF),

Le fondateur et dirigeant des Forces démocratiques alliées, Jamil Mukulu, a été arrêté à Dar es-Salaam (Tanzanie) en avril 2015. Il a ensuite été extradé vers Kampala (Ouganda) en juillet 2015. Selon certaines informations, en juin 2016, Mukulu était placé sous détention policière en attendant son procès. Seku Baluku a succédé à Jamil Mukulu en tant que chef des ADF. Comme l'a souligné le Groupe d'experts sur la République démocratique du Congo dans plusieurs rapports (S/2015/19, S/2015/1102, S/2017/672, S/2018/531, S/2019/469, S/2020/482), les ADF, notamment sous la direction de Seka Baluku, ont continué de se livrer à des actes répétés de ciblage, de meurtre et de mutilation, de viol et autres violences sexuelles, d'enlèvements de civils, y compris d'enfants, à des attaques contre des villages et des établissements de santé, en particulier, dans le territoire de Beni, à Mamove, les 12 et 24 février 2019 et à Mantumbi, le 5 décembre 2019 et le 30 janvier 2020, ainsi qu'au recrutement et à l'utilisation continus d'enfnts lors d'attaques et à des fins de travail forcé dans le territoire de Beni (République démocratique du Congo) depuis au moins 2015.

French Freezing of Assets,

ADF founder and leader, Jamil Mukulu (CDi.015), was arrested in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in April 2015. He was subsequently extradited to Kampala, Uganda in July 2015. As of June 2016, Mukulu is reportedly being held in a police detention cell awaiting his trial. Seka Baluku (CDi.036) succeeded Jamil Mukulu (CDi.015) as the overall leader of the ADF. As highlighted in several reports from the Group of Experts on the DRC (S/2015/19, S/2015/797, S/2016/1102, S/2017/672, S/2018/531, S/2019/469, S/2019/974, S/2020/482), the ADF, including under Seka Baluku’s leadership, continued to commit the repeated targeting, killing and maiming, rape and other sexual violence, abduction of civilians, including children, as well as attacks on villages and health facilities, in particular in Mamove, Beni territory, on 12 and 24 February 2019, and Mantumbi, Beni territory, on 5 December 2019 and 30 January 2020, as well as the continuous recruitment and use of children during attacks and for forced labour in Beni territory in the DRC since at least 2015. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/How-we-work/Notices/View-UN-Notices-Entities.

UK FCDO Sanctions List,

ADF founder and leader, Jamil Mukulu (CDi.015), was arrested in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in April 2015. He was subsequently extradited to Kampala, Uganda in July 2015. As of June 2016, Mukulu is reportedly being held in a police detention cell awaiting his trial. Seka Baluku (CDi.036) succeeded Jamil Mukulu (CDi.015) as the overall leader of the ADF. As highlighted in several reports from the Group of Experts on the DRC (S/2015/19, S/2015/797, S/2016/1102, S/2017/672, S/2018/531, S/2019/469, S/2019/974, S/2020/482), the ADF, including under Seka Baluku’s leadership, continued to commit the repeated targeting, killing and maiming, rape and other sexual violence, abduction of civilians, including children, as well as attacks on villages and health facilities, in particular in Mamove, Beni territory, on 12 and 24 February 2019, and Mantumbi, Beni territory, on 5 December 2019 and 30 January 2020, as well as the continuous recruitment and use of children during attacks and for forced labour in Beni territory in the DRC since at least 2015.

UK HMT/OFSI Consolidated List of Targets,

ADF創設者であり指導者でもあるジャミール・ムクルは、2015年4月にタンザニアのダルエルサラームで逮捕された。ムクルは、その後、2015年7月にウガンダのカンパラに引き渡された。2016年6月現在、ムクルは裁判のため、警察の留置場に勾留されていると伝えられる。なお、ADFの全体指導者としてセカ・バルクがジャミール・ムクルの後継者となった。コンゴ民主共和国に関する専門家グループの複数の報告書において強調されているように、ADFは、セカ・バルクの指導下のものを含め、繰り返し、付け狙い、殺害及び傷害行為、強姦及びその他の性的暴力、児童を含む文民の誘拐、並びに村落や保健施設に対する攻撃を、特に2019年2月12日及び24日にベニ地区(Beni)マモーヴ(Mamove)において、2019年12月5日及び2020年1月30日にベニ地区(Beni)マントゥンビ(Mantumbi)において行い続けた。また、ADFは、少なくとも2015年から、コンゴ民主共和国ベニ地区(Beni)において、児童の継続的な徴募、襲撃時における児童の使用及び児童の強制労働を行い続けた。同団体に対するインターポール(国際警察刑事機構)・国連安全保障理事会特別手配書のウェブ・リンク:

Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people,

ADF founder and leader, Jamil Mukulu (CDi.015), was arrested in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in April 2015. He was subsequently extradited to Kampala, Uganda in July 2015. As of June 2016, Mukulu is reportedly being held in a police detention cell awaiting his trial. Seka Baluku (CDi.036) succeeded Jamil Mukulu (CDi.015) as the overall leader of the ADF. As highlighted in several reports from the Group of Experts on the DRC (S/2015/19, S/2015/797, S/2016/1102, S/2017/672, S/2018/531, S/2019/469, S/2019/974, S/2020/482), the ADF, including under Seka Baluku’s leadership, continued to commit the repeated targeting, killing and maiming, rape and other sexual violence, abduction of civilians, including children, as well as attacks on villages and health facilities, in particular in Mamove, Beni territory, on 12 and 24 February 2019, and Mantumbi, Beni territory, on 5 December 2019 and 30 January 2020, as well as the continuous recruitment and use of children during attacks and for forced labour in Beni territory in the DRC since at least 2015.

UN Security Council Consolidated Sanctions,

Relationships

Data sources

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes8,003

Switzerland manages a sanctions lists with a high degree of detail on the individuals that are subject to it's embargoes

Switzerland · State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)

Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people3,483

Sanctions imposed by Japan under its Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law.

Japan · Ministry of Finance

UK FCDO Sanctions List4,427

UK sanctions collated by the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office

United Kingdom · Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO)

US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)18,945

The Consolidated Screening List (CSL) is a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items.

United States · Department of the Commerce - International Trade Administration

Canadian Listed Terrorist Entities77

The Canadian governments own list of people and organizations associated with terrorism

Canada · Public Safety Canada

UK HMT/OFSI Consolidated List of Targets5,923

The United Kingom's consolidated international sanctions list.

United Kingdom · Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation

US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List29,146

The primary United States' sanctions list, specially designated nationals (SDN) part.

United States · Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

UN Security Council Consolidated Sanctions1,233

The Security Council's set of sanctions serve as the foundation for most national sanctions lists.

United Nations Security Council (UN SC)

Belgian Financial Sanctions6,321

Belgium extends the European FSF sanctions list on the basis of a national terrorist list, issued by the National Security Council

Belgium · Federal Public Service Finance

Ukraine SFMS Blacklist868

Ukraine's financial intelligence unit publishes this list of sanctioned individuals.

Ukraine · Державна служба фінансового моніторингу України (Держфінмоніторинг)

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List4,080

The Consolidated List is a list of all persons and entities who are subject to targeted financial sanctions under Australian sanctions law

Australia · Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)

French Freezing of Assets6,267

The register lists all persons, entities and vessels subject to asset freezing measures in force on French territory, pursuant to national, European and international (UN) provisions.

France · Ministry of Economy, Finance, and Recovery

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)6,054

As part of the Common Foreign Security Policy the European Union publishes a sanctions list that is implemented by all member states.

European Union · European External Action Service


Source data IDs: ofac-16696 · gb-fcdo-drc0015 · fr-ga-1896 · eu-fsf-eu-3651-51 · ca-lte-62-islamic-state-democratic-republic-of-the-congo · gb-hmt-13189 · unsc-6908402 · NK-NJzdxCEJqKjH3of8nXxBUS · ch-seco-27961 · ua-sfms-1244 · au-dfat-2943-adf · ja-mof-47d8a4ba709cc59700c45873b15af71814ef381f

For experts: raw data explorer