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Rami Makhlouf

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Rami Makhlouf is subject to sanctions. See the individual program listings below.
TypePerson[sources]
NameMAKHLUF, Rami · Makhlouf Rami · Mr. Rami MAKHLOUF · RAMI MAKHLOUF · Rami MAKHLOUF · 13 more...[sources]
Other nameMAKHLOUF · Rami Bin Mohammed MAKHLOUF · Rami Bin Mohammed MAKHOUF · Rami MAKHLOUF · Rami MAKHLUF · 6 more...[sources]
Birth date[sources]
Place of birthDamas · Damascus · Damascus Syria · Damascus, SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC · Damascus, Syria · 3 more...[sources]
Gendermale[sources]
NationalityCyprus · Syria[sources]
CountrySyria[sources]
Country of birthSyria[sources]
First nameRami · Rami Bin Mohammed · Rami Mohammad · Rami  · Rámí · 1 more...[sources]
ICIJ ID12034565 · 12174473 · 13003654[sources]
ID Number000098044[sources]
KeywordsBusiness and Trade · قطاع الأعمال والتجارة[sources]
Last nameMACHLÚF · MAKHLOUF · MAKHLUF · Makhlouf · Makhluf · 1 more...[sources]
Passport number000098044 · 454224 · 98044[sources]
SummaryCousin to Bashar al-Assad. Syria’s most influential business personality. · ابن خال بشار الأسد، والشخصية الاقتصادية الأكثر نفوذا[sources]
Wikidata IDQ599233[sources]
PositionBusinessman; cousin of President Bashar Al‐Assad. · Homme d'affaires influent exerçant ses activités en Syrie · Syrian businessman · ビジネスマン[sources]
Publishing sourcePanama Papers[sources]
Source linkgels-avoirs.dgtresor.gouv.fr · offshoreleaks.icij.org · offshoreleaks.icij.org · offshoreleaks.icij.org · sanctionssearch.ofac.treas.gov[sources]
Last changeLast processedFirst seen

Descriptions

Prominent business figure and financial backer of the Syrian regime. Close associate and cousin of President Bashar AL-ASSAD and Mahir AL-ASSAD. Passport No.: 000098044; 002-03-0015187

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List,

Businessman operating in Syria with interests in the financial services, transport and property sectors; he has financial interests in and/or holds senior and executive positions in the investment funds Al Mashreq, Bena Properties and Cham Holding.

Belgian Financial Sanctions,

He is an influential member of the Makhlouf family and closely connected to the Assad family; cousin of President Bashar Al-Assad.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

Leading businessman operating in Syria with interests in the financial services, transport and property sectors. He has financial interests in and/or holds senior and executive positions in the investment funds Al Mashreq, Bena Properties and Cham Holding.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

He furnishes financing and support to the Syrian regime, through his business interests.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

Businessman operating in Syria with interests in the financial services, transport and property sectors; he has financial interests in and/or holds senior and executive positions in the investment funds Al Mashreq, Bena Properties and Cham Holding.

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF),

Businessman operating in Syria with interests in the financial services, transport and property sectors; he has financial interests in and/or holds senior and executive positions in the investment funds Al Mashreq, Bena Properties and Cham Holding.

EU Consolidated Travel Bans,

The Panama Papers data is current through 2015

ICIJ Offshore Leaks Database non-official source,

The Panama Papers data is current through 2015

ICIJ Offshore Leaks Database non-official source,

The Panama Papers data is current through 2015

ICIJ Offshore Leaks Database non-official source,

Homme d’affaires influent exerçant ses activités en Syrie et ayant des intérêts dans les secteurs des services financiers, des transports et de l’immobilier. Il détient des intérêts financiers et/ou occupe des postes d’encadrement et de direction dans le fonds d’investissement Al Mashreq, Bena Properties et Cham Holding. Il fournit financement et soutien au régime syrien via ses intérêts commerciaux. Il est un membre influent de la famille Makhlouf et entretient des liens étroits avec la famille Assad; cousin du président Bashar al-Assad.

French National Asset Freezing System,

Business interests: Interests in Syriatel, Cham Holding, Ramak Development and Humanitarian Projects LLC and Al Mashreq Investment Fund

UK FCDO Sanctions List,

Business interests: Interests in Syriatel, Cham Holding, Ramak Development and Humanitarian Projects LLC and Al Mashreq Investment Fund

UK HMT/OFSI Consolidated List of Targets,

アサド大統領の従兄弟

Japan Economic Sanctions and List of Eligible People,

رامي مخلوف، رامي محمد مخلوف. رجل أعمال سوري وابن خال الرئيس السوري بشار الأسد. يعتبر واحداً من أكثر الرجال نفوذاً في المنطقة، وهو يعتبر أكبر شخصية اقتصادية في سوريا، والمالك الرئيسى لشبكة الهاتف المحمول المسماة بسيريتل. وفقاً لصحيفة فاينانشال تايمز لدى رامي مخلوف العديد من المصالح التجارية والتي تشمل الاتصالات السلكية واللاسلكية والنفط والغاز، والتشييد، والخدمات المصرفية، وشركات الطيران والتجزئة. قدرت ثروته الشخصية في عام 2008 بنحو 6 مليارات دولار أمريكي. منحته قبرص الجنسية في عام 2011، ثم شمل القرار زوجته وابنيه، لكن الحكومة قررت سحبها منهم في أغسطس عام 2012 (طلب الحصول على الجنسية القبرصية في عام 2009، وأعلن عن أملاكه في البلاد، من بينها عقارات بقيمة 320 ألف يورو، ووداع في مصارف قبرص بقيمة 17.3 مليون يورو). بحسب عنب بلدي فهو متزوج من اثنتين: إسبانية وابنة محافظة درعا السابق وليد عثمان. حيث حوّل قسماً من أمواله إلى دبي، واشترى برجين، سجّل أحدهما باسم زوجته والآخر باسم ابنه. في 16 يونيو 2011 قال رامي مخلوف أنه ترك ساحة الأعمال في سورية. من الملاحظ أن استثماراته تتم تارة باسمه الشخصي وتارة عبر مجموعاته كـ راماك وصندوق المشرق. نشر في ٢٠١٣ أنه تنازل عن كامل حصته في شركة "سيريتل موبايل تيليكوم" لصالح شركة "راماك للمشاريع التنموية والإنسانية المحدودة المسؤولية". فرضت عليه العقوبات الأمريكية في 21/02/2008. فرضت عليه العقوبات الأوروبية في 09/05/2011 شملته العقوبات البريطانيه في 24/05/2011. ارتبط اسمه بملف المخدرات وصناعتها عبر الشحنة التي ضبطت في مصر والتي استخدمت عبوات شركته "ميلكمان"

Syrian Observatory of Political and Economic Networks non-official source,

Rami Muhammad Makhlouf is a Syrian businessman and maternal cousin to Bashar al-Assad. He is considered one of the most influential men in the region, the most prominent business figure in Syria, and the main owner of Syrian cellular telecommunication network Syriatel. According to the Financial Times, Rami Makhlouf has several business interests that include telecommunications, oil and gas, construction, banking, airlines and retail. In 2008, his personal fortune was estimated at $6 billion. Cyprus granted Makhlouf citizenship in 2011, then his wife and two sons, but the government retracted his citizenship status in August 2012. He had applied for Cypriot citizenship in 2009, and disclosed his assets in the country which included €320,000 worth of real estate, and bank deposits in Cyprus at a value of €17.3 million. According to Syrian newspaper Enab Baladi, Makhlouf is married to two women: a Spanish woman, and the daughter of former Daraa governor Walid Othman. He transferred part of his wealth to Dubai where he bought two high-rises: one registered in his wife’s name and the other in his son’s name. On 16 June 2011, Rami Makhlouf said that he had left the business scene in Syria. It is noted that Makhlouf’s investments are sometimes made in his personal name and often through his business groups such as Ramak and Al Mashreq Investment Fund. It was reported in 2013 that Makhlouf had forfeited his entire stake in Syriatel Mobile Telecom in favor of Ramak Development and Humanitarian Projects LLC. US sanctions were imposed on Rami Makhlouf on 21 February 2008, and he was sanctioned by the EU on 05 September 2011.

Syrian Observatory of Political and Economic Networks non-official source,

Syrian businessman

Wikidata non-official source,

Relationships

Data sources

EU Consolidated Travel Bans3,894

Consolidated information about individuals who have been banned from traveling to the European Union, released as part of the EU Sanctions Map.

European Union · Council

US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List30,525

The primary United States' sanctions list, specially designated nationals (SDN) part.

United States · OFAC

UK FCDO Sanctions List4,485

UK sanctions collated by the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office

United Kingdom · FCDO

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List4,094

The Consolidated List is a list of all persons and entities who are subject to targeted financial sanctions under Australian sanctions law

Australia · DFAT

US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)19,592

The Consolidated Screening List (CSL) is a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items.

United States · ITA

Japan Economic Sanctions and List of Eligible People3,579

Sanctions imposed by Japan under its Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law.

Japan · MoF

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)6,292

As part of the Common Foreign Security Policy the European Union publishes a sanctions list that is implemented by all member states.

European Union · EEAS

Belgian Financial Sanctions6,559

Belgium extends the European FSF sanctions list on the basis of a national terrorist list, issued by the National Security Council

Belgium · FOD

Syrian Observatory of Political and Economic Networks1,080

A knowledge graph of persons of interest inside Syria, including detailed information on family relationships and business ties.

Obsalytics · non-official source

UK HMT/OFSI Consolidated List of Targets6,017

The United Kingom's consolidated international sanctions list.

United Kingdom · OFSI

French National Asset Freezing System5,070

The register lists all persons, entities and vessels subject to asset freezing measures in force on French territory, pursuant to national, European and international (UN) provisions.

France · DGT

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes8,201

Switzerland manages a sanctions lists with a high degree of detail on the individuals that are subject to it's embargoes

Switzerland · SECO

Canadian Consolidated Autonomous Sanctions List4,336

Sanctions imposed by Canada on specific countries, organizations, or individuals under the Special Economic Measures Act (SEMA) and JVCFOA

Canada · Global Affairs Canada

External databases

The record has been enriched with data from the following external databases:

ICIJ Offshore Leaks Database24,645

Combined data from the Panama Papers, Paradise Papers, Pandora Papers and other cross-border investigations conducted by ICIJ and its partners

External dataset · ICIJ · non-official source

Wikidata226,945

Wikidata is the structured data project of the Wikipedia community, providing fact-based information edited by humans and machines

External dataset · Wikidata · non-official source


Source data IDs: ca-sema-2-12-sy-rami-makhluf · NK-ToYVwGKgDa37nWhaWxuGeF · eu-fsf-eu-3320-91 · opensyr-node-477 · icijol-12174473 · au-dfat-2263-rami-makhlouf · ofac-10725 · ch-seco-11672 · NK-cPVbKkeQKtJu5XvikDahUG · ca-sema-syria-2-12 · icijol-12034565 · icijol-13003654 · gb-hmt-11913 · eu-tb-logical-6310 · fr-ga-2148 · gb-fcdo-syr0204 · ja-mof-656d1dde38e569af3b62828ac4c45cd14cb4ac81

For experts: raw data explorer