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Bi Sidi Souleman

Sanctioned entity
Bi Sidi Souleman is subject to sanctions. See the individual program listings below.
TypePerson[sources]
Name"General" Sidiki · BI SIDI SOULEMAN · Bi Sidi SOULEMAN · Bi Sidi Souleman · Bi Sidi Soulemane · 8 more...[sources]
Other name"General" Sidiki · Abbas Sidiki · Bi Sidi Souleman · Bi Sidi Soulemane · SIDIKI · 11 more...[sources]
Weak aliasSidiki[sources]
Birth date[sources]
Place of birthBocaranga · Bocaranga Central African Republic · Bocaranga, CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC · Bocaranga, Central African Republic · Bocaranga, Ouham-Pende prefecture, Central African Republic · 1 more...[sources]
Death date[sources]
Gendermale[sources]
NationalityCentral African Republic · Cameroon · Chad[sources]
CountryCentral African Republic[sources]
Country of birthCentral African Republic[sources]
First nameAbbas · BI SIDI · Bi Sidi · Bi Sidi Soulemane · Sidiki · 6 more...[sources]
ID NumberN°235/MISPAT/DIRCAB/DGPC/DGAEI/SI/SP[sources]
Last nameAbass · Abbas · BI SIDI SOULEMAN · Bi Sidi · SIDIKI · 6 more...[sources]
Passport numberLaissez-passer no. N°235/MISPAT/DIRCAB/DGPC/DGAEI/SI/SP · N°235/MISPAT/DIRCAB/DGPC/DGAEI/SI/SP · N°235/MISPAT/DIRCAB/DGPC/DGAEI/SI/SP、2019年3月15日発行(中央アフリカ共和国内務大臣発行) · Passport, Laissez-passer no. N°235/MISPAT/DIRCAB/DGPC/DGAEI/SI/SP · n°235/MISPAT/ DIRCAB/DGPC/DGAEI/SI/SP · 1 more...[sources]
Second nameSOULEMAN[sources]
Wikidata IDQ98192346[sources]
PositionPresident and self-proclaimed general of the Retour, Reclamation et Rehabilitation (3R) · President and self-proclaimed “general” of the Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation (3R) · President and self-proclaimed “general” of the Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation (3R) · Président et "général" autoproclamé du groupe Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation (3R) · 帰還・要求・復権(Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation)(3R)の代表及び自称「将軍」[sources]
AddressKoui, Ouham-Pende prefecture, Central African Republic · Ouham-Pendé prefecture, Central African Republic[sources]
Source linkgels-avoirs.dgtresor.gouv.fr · sanctionssearch.ofac.treas.gov[sources]
Created at[sources]
Modified on[sources]
Last changedLast checkedFirst seen

Descriptions

Designation: President and self-proclaimed “general” of the Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation (3R). Passport no.: Laissez-passer no. N°235/MISPAT/DIRCAB/DGPC/DGAEI/SI/SP, issued on 15 Mar. 2019 (issued by the Minister of Interior of the Central African Republic). Other information: Bi Sidi Souleman leads the Central African Republic (CAR)-based militia group Retour, Réclamation, Réhabilitation (3R) which has killed, tortured, raped, and displaced civilians and engaged in arms trafficking, illegal taxation activities, and warfare with other militias since its creation in 2015. Bi Sidi Souleman himself has also participated in torture. On 6 February 2019, 3R signed the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in the CAR but has engaged in acts violating the Agreement and remains a threat to the peace, stability and security of the CAR. For instance, on 21 May 2019, 3R killed 34 unarmed civilians in three villages, summarily executing adult males. Bi Sidi Souleman openly confirmed to a UN Entity that he had ordered 3R elements to the villages on the date of the attacks, but did not admit to giving the orders for 3R to kill. In December 2020, after having joined a coalition of armed groups established to disrupt the electoral process, Bi Sidi Souleman was reportedly killed during fighting.

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List,

Reportedly killed during fighting in December 2020

Belgian Financial Sanctions,

Bi Sidi Souleman leads the Central African Republic (CAR)-based militia group Retour, Réclamation, Réhabilitation (3R) which has killed, tortured, raped, and displaced civilians and engaged in arms trafficking, illegal taxation activities, and warfare with other militias since its creation in 2015. Bi Sidi Souleman himself has also participated in torture. On 6 Feb 2019, 3R signed the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in the CAR but has engaged in acts violating the Agreement and remains a threat to the peace, stability and security of the CAR. For instance, on 21 May 2019, 3R killed 34 unarmed civilians in three villages, summarily executing adult males. Bi Sidi Souleman openly confirmed to a UN Entity that he had ordered 3R elements to the villages on the date of the attacks, but did not admit to giving the orders for 3R to kill. In Dec 2020, after having joined a coalition of armed groups established to disrupt the electoral process, Bi Sidi Souleman was reportedly killed during fighting. available.

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

Designation: President and self-proclaimed “general” of the Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation (3R)

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes,

Reportedly killed during fighting in December 2020

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF),

Reportedly killed during fighting in December 2020

EU Consolidated Travel Bans,

Bi Sidi Souleman dirige la milice Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation (3 R), active en République centrafricaine (RCA), qui a tué, torturé, violé et déplacé des civils, s'est livrée au trafic d'armes, à des activités de taxation illégales et s'est engagée dans une guerre avec d'autres milices depuis sa création en 2015. Bi Sidi Souleman lui-même a également participé à des actes de torture. Le groupe des 3 R a signé l'Accord politique pour la paix et la réconciliation en République centrafricaine le 6 février 2019 mais a commis des actes contraires à l'Accord et reste une menace pour la paix, la stabilité et la sécurité de la République centrafricaine. Par exemple, le 21 mai 2019, il a tué 34 civils non armés dans trois villages, exécutant sommairement les hommes adultes. Bi Sidi Souleman a ouvertement confirmé à une entité des Nations unies qu'il avait dépêché certains de ses éléments dans les villages en question à la date des faits, sans toutefois admettre avoir donné l'ordre de tuer. En décembre 2020, après avoir rejoint une coalition de groupes armés établie en vue de perturber le processus électoral, Bi Sidi Souleman aurait été tué lors de combats. Président et “général” autoproclamé du groupe armé Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation (3 R), Bi Sidi Souleman prend part à des actes qui menacent la paix, la stabilité et la sécurité de la République centrafricaine et qui compromettent en particulier la mise en œuvre de l'Accord politique pour la paix et la réconciliation en République centrafricaine, signé le 6 février 2019 à Bangui. Les combattants sous son commandement et lui-même ont commis des actes qui constituent de graves violations du droit international des droits de l'homme ou du droit international humanitaire. Le 21 mai 2019, le groupe des 3 R a tué 34 civils non armés dans trois villages (Koundjouli, Limouna et Bohong), exécutant sommairement les hommes adultes. Sous sa direction, les éléments des 3 R ont commis des actes de violence sexuelle et fondée sur le genre. En septembre 2017, lors d'une attaque contre Bocaranga, des éléments du groupe des 3 R ont violé plusieurs femmes et filles. Entre mars et avril 2020, des éléments du groupe ont été impliqués dans sept cas de violence sexuelle dans trois villages de la préfecture de l'Ouham-Pendé. Sous sa direction, le groupe des 3 R a continué d'entraver le rétablissement de l'autorité de l'État dans les zones où il opère en imposant des systèmes illégaux de taxation, notamment sur les activités de transhumance et sur les voyages, et est impliqué dans l'exploitation illégale de l'or dans les préfectures de la Mambéré-Kadéï et de la Nana-Mambéré. En 2019, sous sa direction, le groupe des 3 R a commis ses premières violations de l'Accord de paix. Bi Sidi Souleman a refusé dans un premier temps d'entamer le désarmement et la démobilisation des combattants du groupe des 3 R censés faire partie de la première unité spéciale mixte de sécurité dans l'ouest de la République centrafricaine. Le groupe a également continué à étendre son contrôle sur des territoires, forçant la MINUSCA à lancer une opération en septembre 2019 dans les préfectures de l'Ouham-Pendé, de la Nana-Mambéré et de la Mambéré-Kadéï, ainsi qu'à se livrer au trafic d'armes pour renforcer ses capacités militaires et à recruter des combattants étrangers. En 2020, sous la direction de Bi Sidi Souleman, le groupe des 3 R a continué à violer l'Accord de paix et à étendre son contrôle sur des territoires situés dans l'ouest du pays. En mai 2020, des éléments du groupe des 3 R ont occupé la gendarmerie de Besson dans la préfecture de la Nana-Mambéré, et d'anciens éléments du groupe ont déserté les unités spéciales mixtes de sécurité de Bouar. Le 5 juin 2020, Bi Sidi Souleman a annoncé que le groupe des 3 R suspendait sa participation aux mécanismes de suivi de l'Accord jusqu'à nouvel ordre. Le 9 juin 2020, des éléments présumés appartenir au groupe des 3 R ont attaqué une patrouille conjointe de la MINUSCA et des forces nationales près de Besson, ce qui a entraîné la mort de trois soldats centrafricains.

French Freezing of Assets,

Bi Sidi Souleman leads the Central African Republic (CAR)-based militia group Retour, Réclamation, Réhabilitation (3R) which has killed, tortured, raped, and displaced civilians and engaged in arms trafficking, illegal taxation activities, and warfare with other militias since its creation in 2015. Bi Sidi Souleman himself has also participated in torture. On 6 February 2019, 3R signed the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in the CAR but has engaged in acts violating the Agreement and remains a threat to the peace, stability and security of the CAR. For instance, on 21 May 2019, 3R killed 34 unarmed civilians in three villages, summarily executing adult males. Bi Sidi Souleman openly confirmed to a UN Entity that he had ordered 3R elements to the villages on the date of the attacks, but did not admit to giving the orders for 3R to kill. In December 2020, after having joined a coalition of armed groups established to disrupt the electoral process, Bi Sidi Souleman was reportedly killed during fighting. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/How-we-work/Notices/View-UN-Notices-Individuals.

UK FCDO Sanctions List,

Bi Sidi Souleman leads the Central African Republic (CAR)-based militia group Retour, Réclamation, Réhabilitation (3R) which has killed, tortured, raped, and displaced civilians and engaged in arms trafficking, illegal taxation activities, and warfare with other militias since its creation in 2015. Bi Sidi Souleman himself has also participated in torture. On 6 February 2019, 3R signed the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in the CAR but has engaged in acts violating the Agreement and remains a threat to the peace, stability and security of the CAR. For instance, on 21 May 2019, 3R killed 34 unarmed civilians in three villages, summarily executing adult males. Bi Sidi Souleman openly confirmed to a UN Entity that he had ordered 3R elements to the villages on the date of the attacks, but did not admit to giving the orders for 3R to kill. In December 2020, after having joined a coalition of armed groups established to disrupt the electoral process, Bi Sidi Souleman was reportedly killed during fighting.

UK HMT/OFSI Consolidated List of Targets,

ビ・シディ・スルマンは、中央アフリカ共和国を拠点とする民兵集団「帰還・要求・復権(Retour, Réclamation, Réhabilitation)(3R)」を率いており、2015年の結成以来、市民の殺害、拷問、強姦及び強制移住、武器の不法取引、違法な課税活動並びに他の民兵との武力衝突を行ってきた。ビ・シディ・スルマン自身も拷問に参加してきた。2019年2月6日、3Rは中央アフリカ共和国の平和と和解のための政治協定に署名したが、同協定に違反する行為に関与しており、中央アフリカ共和国の平和、安定及び安全に対する脅威であり続けている。例えば、2019年5月21日、3Rは、3つの村で非武装の文民34名を殺害し、成人男性を即決処刑した。ビ・シディ・スルマンは、これら攻撃が行われた日に3Rの部隊にこれらの村に向かうよう指示したことを国連機関に対して公然と認めたが、3Rに殺害指示を与えたことは認めなかった。2020年12月、選挙プロセスを阻害するために設立された武装集団の連合に参加した後、ビ・シディ・スルマンは戦闘において殺害されたと報告されている。写真はインターポール(国際刑事警察機構)・国連安全保障理事会特別手配書に含まれているものを利用可能。同人に対するインターポール(国際刑事警察機構)・国連安全保障理事会特別手配書のウェブ・リンク:

Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people,

Bi Sidi Souleman leads the Central African Republic (CAR)-based militia group Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) which has killed, tortured, raped, and displaced civilians and engaged in arms trafficking, illegal taxation activities, and warfare with other militias since its creation in 2015. Bi Sidi Souleman himself has also participated in torture. On 6 February 2019, 3R signed the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in the CAR but has engaged in acts violating the Agreement and remains a threat to the peace, stability and security of the CAR. For instance, on 21 May 2019, 3R killed 34 unarmed civilians in three villages, summarily executing adult males. Bi Sidi Souleman openly confirmed to a UN Entity that he had ordered 3R elements to the villages on the date of the attacks, but did not admit to giving the orders for 3R to kill. In December 2020, after having joined a coalition of armed groups established to disrupt the electoral process, Bi Sidi Souleman was reportedly killed during fighting.

UN Security Council Consolidated Sanctions,

Central African militant

Wikidata non-official source,

Bi Sidi Souleman leads the Central African Republic (CAR)-based militia group Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) which has killed, tortured, raped, and displaced civilians and engaged in arms trafficking, illegal taxation activities, and warfare with other militias since its creation in 2015. Bi Sidi Souleman himself has also participated in torture. On 6 February 2019, 3R signed the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in the CAR but has engaged in acts violating the Agreement and remains a threat to the peace, stability and security of the CAR. For instance, on 21 May 2019, 3R killed 34 unarmed civilians in three villages, summarily executing adult males. Bi Sidi Souleman openly confirmed to a UN Entity that he had ordered 3R elements to the villages on the date of the attacks, but did not admit to giving the orders for 3R to kill. In December 2020, after having joined a coalition of armed groups established to disrupt the electoral process, Bi Sidi Souleman was reportedly killed during fighting.

South African Targeted Financial Sanctions,

Relationships

Data sources

French Freezing of Assets6,273

The register lists all persons, entities and vessels subject to asset freezing measures in force on French territory, pursuant to national, European and international (UN) provisions.

France · Ministry of Economy, Finance, and Recovery

UK HMT/OFSI Consolidated List of Targets5,929

The United Kingom's consolidated international sanctions list.

United Kingdom · Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation

Japan Economic sanctions and list of eligible people3,504

Sanctions imposed by Japan under its Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law.

Japan · Ministry of Finance

Swiss SECO Sanctions/Embargoes8,008

Switzerland manages a sanctions lists with a high degree of detail on the individuals that are subject to it's embargoes

Switzerland · State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)

EU Financial Sanctions Files (FSF)6,061

As part of the Common Foreign Security Policy the European Union publishes a sanctions list that is implemented by all member states.

European Union · European External Action Service

UN Security Council Consolidated Sanctions1,238

The Security Council's set of sanctions serve as the foundation for most national sanctions lists.

United Nations Security Council (UN SC)

EU Consolidated Travel Bans3,894

Consolidated information about individuals who have been banned from traveling to the European Union, released as part of the EU Sanctions Map.

European Union · Estonian Presidency of the Council of the EU

US OFAC Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List29,144

The primary United States' sanctions list, specially designated nationals (SDN) part.

United States · Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

Ukraine SFMS Blacklist871

Ukraine's financial intelligence unit publishes this list of sanctioned individuals.

Ukraine · Державна служба фінансового моніторингу України (Держфінмоніторинг)

South African Targeted Financial Sanctions892

The South African FIC sanctions list, largely based on UN Security Council sanctions.

South Africa · Financial Intelligence Centre (FIC)

Belgian Financial Sanctions6,321

Belgium extends the European FSF sanctions list on the basis of a national terrorist list, issued by the National Security Council

Belgium · Federal Public Service Finance

Australian Sanctions Consolidated List4,093

The Consolidated List is a list of all persons and entities who are subject to targeted financial sanctions under Australian sanctions law

Australia · Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)

US Trade Consolidated Screening List (CSL)18,943

The Consolidated Screening List (CSL) is a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items.

United States · Department of the Commerce - International Trade Administration

UK FCDO Sanctions List4,430

UK sanctions collated by the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office

United Kingdom · Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO)

External databases

The record has been enriched with data from the following external databases:

Wikidata226,489

Wikidata is the structured data project of the Wikipedia community, providing fact-based information edited by humans and machines

External dataset · Wikidata · non-official source


Source data IDs: zafic-631 · NK-Tcc4diS4pf2xDq2YzZD6Gx · NK-8vwUtXFuYgmwRpknnamVFC · eu-tb-logical-125154 · zafic-634-bi-sidi-souleman · eu-fsf-eu-5711-57 · unsc-6908845 · ua-sfms-1628 · ofac-28980 · ch-seco-43100 · ja-mof-aff2ac284b9dbbd74ebd5f6018e75e3d856e6208 · zafic-19872 · au-dfat-6248-bi-sidi-souleman · gb-hmt-13912 · fr-ga-1376 · gb-fcdo-caf0015

For experts: raw data explorer