We answer the most common questions about the OpenSanctions project, the dataset it produces and our content policies.
OpenSanctions brings together sanctions lists, lists of politically exposed persons (PEPs), and parties excluded from government contracts in different countries. This data is otherwise difficult to query because it is published in a multitude of semi-structured formats across dozens of government websites. OpenSanctions collects the data and converts it into a well-defined and expressive format for easy use and integration into third-party systems.
No, we are just bad at naming things. The project includes sanctions lists, lists of politicians, ban lists used in government procurement, lists of known terrorists and other data sources relevant to journalistic research and due diligence. See our inclusion criteria for details.
OpenSanctions is a resource for journalists and civil society who need to perform due diligence-style tasks (e.g. searching for persons of interest in a leak or open dataset), and for companies in the fintech/regtech space that need to perform basic know-your-customer checks.
OpenSanctions is an open project, anyone is invited to use the datasets, the code base used to generate it, or to contribute additional information.
Our preferred sources are official datasets published by governments and other authorities all over the world; including commonly used sanctions and ban lists. Much of the data related to politically exposed persons is collected via Wikidata. In the future, we hope to also include information from media reporting, and relevant litigation.
For data sources that require screen scraping rather than publishing structured data, a HTTP response cache with a maximum age of ten days is used to avoid running into rate limiting errors.
The core goal of OpenSanctions is providing high-quality bulk data access to its users. Besides doing so, but we also maintain an OpenSanctions API that makes it easy to search the data or to match the sanctions data against a list of customers or suspects.
If you provide another API that uses the OpenSanctions data, we’d love to hear about it and link to it from this site. Please take note of the commercial licensing rules if you do so.
Yes, we’re open to contributions. We're particularly keen to add sources that include information from criminal cases, and family and associates of politically exposed persons. Please write a GitHub issue or join our team Slack in order to get started.
If you use OpenSanctions for your business, please acquire a data license to guarantee the continued development and operation of the project.
Politically exposed persons (PEP) is a term from the banking industry to describe individuals who have been entrusted with a prominent public function. This might include a members of cabinets, parliaments, senior public servants or people that run state-owned companies.
The concept is important because PEPs and members of their family should be the subject of enhanced public scrutiny. This is also mandated by financial crime laws in many countries.
OpenSanctions includes a PEPs collection that combines lists of politicians from multiple origins.
A collection is a bundle of entities (people, companies, etc.) from multiple data sources. These sources might have a similar topical focus (e.g. international sanctions, or procurement bans) that sets the theme of the collection. Data users usually pick a relevant collection when integrating data into an upstream application.
OpenSanctions is an effort to acquire relevant data from a large array of online sources and to bundle it into more useful, synthetic entity lists for our users. To provide transparency and choice, we also re-publish the entities from each data source separately.
OpenSanctions, by its nature, includes data about many individuals - particularly those mentioned on international sanctions lists, those holding a public office, and those included in published criminal databases. We believe that processing and publishing this data is in the public interest.
If information about you is included in this site and you would like to see it removed, please contact the initial publisher of the information, e.g. the authority publishing the sanctions list, the law enforcement body etc. to discuss the removal of your information.
Once that removal has been processed, please allow for up to one week for the information to disappear from OpenSanctions.